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Abductive reasoning: Logic, visual thinking, and coherence

Thagard, P. and Shelley, C. P. (1997) Abductive reasoning: Logic, visual thinking, and coherence. [Book Chapter]

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Abstract

This paper discusses abductive reasoning---that is, reasoning in which explanatory hypotheses are formed and evaluated. First, it criticizes two recent formal logical models of abduction. An adequate formalization would have to take into account the following aspects of abduction: explanation is not deduction; hypotheses are layered; abduction is sometimes creative; hypotheses may be revolutionary; completeness is elusive; simplicity is complex; and abductive reasoning may be visual and non-sentential. Second, in order to illustrate visual aspects of hypothesis formation, the paper describes recent work on visual inference in archaeology. Third, in connection with the evaluation of explanatory hypotheses, the paper describes recent results on the computation of coherence.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
Philosophy > Philosophy of Science
ID Code:671
Deposited By:Thagard, Paul
Deposited On:06 Jun 1998
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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