TY - UNPB
ID - cogprints622
UR - http://cogprints.org/622/
A1 - Greco, Alberto
A1 - Cangelosi, Angelo
A1 - Harnad, Stevan
TI - A connectionist model for categorical perception and symbol grounding
Y1 - 1998///
N2 - Neural network models of categorical perception can help solve the symbol-grounding problem [Harnad, 1990; 1993] by connecting analog sensory projections to symbolic representations through learned category-invariance detectors in a hybrid symbolic/nonsymbolic system. Our nets learn to categorize and name 50x50 pixel images of circles, ellipses, squares and rectangles projected onto the receptive field of a 7x7 retina. The nets first learn to do prototype matching and then entry-level naming for the four kinds of stimuli, grounding their names directly in the input patterns via hidden-unit representations. Next, a higher-order categorization (symmetric vs. asymmetric) is learned, either directly from the input, as with the entry- level categories, or from combinations of the grounded category names (symbols). We analyze the architectures and input conditions that allow grounding to be "transferred" from directly grounded entry-level category names to higher- order category names. Implications of such hybrid models for the evolution and learning of language are discussed.
AV - public
KW - symbol grounding
KW - categorical perception
KW - categorisation
KW - language evolution modelling
KW - neural networks
KW - backpropagation
KW - geometric shapes
ER -