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The Geometry of Stimulus Control

Ghirlanda, Stefano and Enquist, Magnus (1999) The Geometry of Stimulus Control. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Many studies, both in ethology and comparative psychology, have shown that animals react to modifications of familiar stimuli. This phenomenon is often referred to as generalisation. Most modifications lead to a decrease in responding, but to certain new stimuli an increase in responding is observed. This holds for both innate and learned behaviour. Here we propose a heuristic approach to stimulus control, or stimulus selection, with the aim of explaining these phenomena. The model has two key elements. First, we choose the receptor level as the fundamental stimulus space. Each stimulus is represented as the pattern of activation it induces in sense organs. Second, in this space we introduce a simple measure of `similarity' between stimuli by calculating how activation patterns overlap. The main advantage we recognise in this approach is that the generalisation of acquired responses emerges from a few simple principles which are grounded in the recognition of how animals actually perceive stimuli. Many traditional problems that face theories of stimulus control (e.g. the Spence-Hull theory of gradient interaction or ethological theories of stimulus summation) do not arise in the present framework. These problems include the amount of generalisation along different dimensions, peak-shift phenomena (with respect to both positive and negative shifts), intensity generalisation, and generalisation after conditioning on two positive stimuli.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:generalization, stimulus control, evolution, neural networks
Subjects:Biology > Animal Behavior
Biology > Theoretical Biology
Neuroscience > Computational Neuroscience
Computer Science > Neural Nets
ID Code:877
Deposited By:Ghirlanda, Dr. Stefano
Deposited On:18 Jul 2000
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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