Nutritional Status of Households of Rural Field Practice Area of a Tertiary Care Hospital in India

Sharma, MK and Gour, N and Walia, DK and Goel, NK and Agarwal, N (2011) Nutritional Status of Households of Rural Field Practice Area of a Tertiary Care Hospital in India. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.



Introduction: In the world as a whole there appears to be a shift from under-nourishment towards over-nourishment making more and more children, adolescents, adults and even elderly to be overweight and obese. Objectives: Study aimed to find out the age and sex wise commonness of over-weight & obesity amongst the families of an overtly different socio-economic environment and its trend in the members of one type of families. Materials & Methods: The undergraduate medical students are supposed to maintain record of individual health (including height & weight) of their own family as well as that of the allotted family. The data collected (record maintained ) by students was utilized to calculate Body Mass Index (BMI). Results: Out of total 291 subjects (males 168; females 123) in students own family 28.9% (28.0%; 30.1%) were overweight and 5.9% (6.0%; 5.7%) were obese. The similar figures for 262 subjects (males 143 & females 119) in the allotted families were 20.2% (18.5%; 20.2%) and 6.5% (4.2%; 8.4%) respectively. The respective percentages of under nourished individuals were 18.6 (17.9; 19.5) and 35.5 (37.8; 32.8). Thus over-nutrition was more common amongst the members of students own families (34.8% vs. 26.7%) and under-nutrition was more common amongst the members of allotted families (35.5% vs. 18.6%) For the years 2000-2003, BMI amongst individuals of students own families the under-nutrition in the age group of 15-24 years amongst males increased from 15.9% to 32.9% and over-nutrition from 13.6% to 20.5%. There was no case of overweight and obesity up to the age of 34 years in the previous analysis which was 2.6% in the present analysis Previous results demonstrated overweight to be more common in males (32.4% Vs. 24.4% in females) and obesity being more common females ( 6.3% Vs. 2.6% in females). Conclusion: Males are increasingly becoming prey of malnutrition (adolescents for under-nutrition and adults & elderly for over-nutrition. More studies covering larger samples are required to be conducted on a more frequent basis.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Nutritional status; Underweight; Overweight; Obesity.
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:7788
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:16 Dec 2011 00:02
Last Modified:16 Dec 2011 00:02

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Haslam DW, James WP. Obesity. Lancet. 2005;366:1197-1209.

2. Steering Committee of the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization, the International Association for the Study of Obesity, and the International Obesity Task Force. The Asia –Pacific: Redefining obesity and its treatment. Melbourne, Australia: Health Communications Australia: 2000.

3. WHO expert consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its-implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 2004,363:157-163.

4. Balrajan Y, Villamor E. Nationally representative surveys show recent increase in the prevalence of over-weight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. J Nutr Nov 1, 2009;139(11):2139-2144

5. Jeemon P, Prabhakaran D, Mohan V, Thankappan KR, Joshi PP, Ahmed F et al. Double burden of underweight and overweight among children (10-19 years of age) of employees working in Indian Industrial Units Natl Med J India. 2009;22:172-176.

6. National Family Health Survey 2005-2006. International Institute of Population Sciences, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 2007.

7. Stevens J. BMI cutoff points for obesity should not vary by ethnic group. In: Medeiros-Neto G, Halpern A, Bouchard C. Progress in Obesity Research: 9. Johan Libbey Eurotext Ltd pp554-557.

8. Gupta R, Rastogi P, Sarna M, Gupta VP, Sharma SK, Kothari R. Body Mass Index, Waist size, Waist Hip Ratio and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Urban subjects. JAPI. Sep 2007;55:621-7.

9. Murthy NS, Agarwal U, Nandakumar BS, Prutvish S, Chaudhary K. Obesity and Colorectal Cancer. ICMR Bulletin. Jul-Sep 2009;39(7-9):33-40. Available at

10. Sharma MK, Goel NK, Swami HM, Kaur G .An Epidemiological Study of Non-communicable Diseases amongst the Families of Medical Undergraduates. Indian Medical Gazette. 2006;9;400-405.

11. Gupta R, Sarna M, Thanvi J, Sharma V, Gupta VP. Fasting glucose and cardiovascular risk factors in an urban population. JAPI. 2007;55:705-709.

12. Gupta R, Thanvi J, Rastogi P, Kaul V, Gupta VP. High prevalence of multiple coronary risk factors in Punjabi Bhatia Community: Jaipur Health Watch-3. Indian Heart Journal. 2004;56:646-652.

13. Mishra A, Wasir J, Pandey RM. An evaluation of candidate definitions of the metabolic syndrome in adult Asian Indians. Diabetes Care, 2005;28:398-403.

14. Deepa M, Farooq S, Deepa R, Manjula D, MohanV. Prevalence and significance of generalized and central body obesity in an urban Asian Indian population in Chennai, India. Eur J Clin Nutr 2009;63(2):259-267.

15. Kokiwar PR, Gopal Rao J, Shafee MD. Prevalence of coronary risk factors in a rural community of Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Public Health. 2009;53:52-54

16. Tiwari R, Shrivastav D, Gour N. A cross-sectional Study to Determine Prevalence of Obesity in High Income Group Colonies of Gwalior City. Indian J community Medicine. 2009;34;218-222.

17. Birgul O, Ferhat C, Saime S, Sevet O, Ali I B. Obesity Prevalence in Gaziontep, Turkey. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2009;34:29-34.

18. Mahanta TG, Ahamd FU, Mahanta BN, Barua A. Prevalence of Hypertension and its Risk Factors in a Tea Garden Community of Dibrugarh District, Assam. Indian J Public Health, 2008;52(1):45-47.

19. Kumar S, Mahapalaraju DK, Anuroopa MS. Prevalence of obesity and its influencing factors among affluent school children of Davangere. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2007;32:15-17.

20. Punjikaran ST, Kumari KS. Augmenting BMI and Waist Hip Ratio for establishing more efficient obesity percentiles among school going children. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2007;32:135-139.

21. Goyal RK, Shah VN, Saboo VB, Pathak S, Shah NN. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Indian adolescent school going children; its relationship with socio-economic status and associated life styles. JAPI. 2010;58:151-157.

22. Indupalli AS. Health status of adolescent girls in an urban community of Gulbargah district, Karnataka. Indiian J Public Health. 2009;53;232-234

23. Ingle GK, Nath A. Geriatric Health in India: concerns and solutions. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2006;33:214-218.

24. Misra A, Khurana L. Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in developing countries. J Clin Endocrin Metab. 2008;93(11):s9-s30.

25. Geordiario GG, Nassis GP. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a National representative sample of Greek children and adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007:61:1072-1074.

26. Shah C, Diwan J, Rao P, Bhabhor M, Gokhola P, Mehta H. Assessment of obesity in school children. Calicut Medical Journal 2008;6(3):e2.

27. Hossain P, Kawar B, El Nahas M. Obesity and Diabetes in the developing World—A Growing Challenge. New J Eng Med 2007;356:213215.

28. Mishra A, Wasir J, Pandey RM, Devi JR, Sharma R, Vikram NK. High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dislipidemia in an urban slum population in northern India. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001;25:1722-1729

29. Maxcy–Rosaneau . Preventive Medicine and Public Health Oxford University 2009 page 1077

30. National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) (1989, 2002 and 2006).

31. Sauraget C, Ramadas K, Thomas G, Vinoda J, Thara S, Sankarnarayanan R. Body mass index, weight change and mortality risk in a prospective study in India. Int J Epidemiol 2008;37(5):990-1004.

32. Khambalia AZ, Seen LS. Trends in over weight and obesity among adults in Malaysia (1996-2009): A systemic review. Obesity Reviews, 2010;11(6):403-412.

33. Singhal N, Mishra A, Saha P, Rastogi K, Vikram NK. Secular Trends in Obesity, Regional Adiposity and Metabolic parameters among Asian Indian Adolescents in Northern India: A comparative data analysis of two selective samples 5 years apart 2003-2008 Ann Nutr Metab. 2010;56:176-181.


Repository Staff Only: item control page