Cogprints

Health Scenario of Major Tribals of Northern Orissa in Relation to Human Growth, Development and Nutrition and the Role of Genetic Factors in Smell and Tasting Abilities in Children

Balgir, RS (2011) Health Scenario of Major Tribals of Northern Orissa in Relation to Human Growth, Development and Nutrition and the Role of Genetic Factors in Smell and Tasting Abilities in Children. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

227Kb

Abstract

The nature of physical growth and development of children depends primarily upon the genetic endowments, nutritional status, psychosocial attitude and surrounding physical environmental conditions. School going children are the most important segment of the society who are affected by under- and mal-nutrition. Good nutrition is an indispensable component of healthy life. Tribal children studying in Ashram schools can be taken as representatives of the predominant tribes of the area. This study was aimed at evaluating the health profile in relation to growth, development and nutrition of a randomly selected cross section of 1038 Ashram school children aged six through 15 years in the state of Orissa. Following the standard methodology, it was noticed that nutritional complications are compounded due to ignorance, bad food habits, food fads, and poverty. About 71% of the Ashram school children showed mild to moderate anemia. According to different grades of malnutrition, the frequency of grade III malnutrition was very low in Ashram-school boys (1.4%) and girls (3.5%), with an average of 2.3%. The grade I as well as grade II malnutrition was also higher in girls (grade II =24.3%; grade I= 37.6%) as compared to boys (grade II=16.7%; grade I=31.5%) with an average of 19.9% and 34.1%, respectively for grade II and grade I malnutrition. There was a consistent pattern of increase in height and weight in the year six through fifteen of age, showing that height and weight of the Ashram school children increases with the corresponding advancement of age in both boys and girls. In general, the girls were shorter and lighter in weight than the boys. This pattern is consistent in the present study of Ashram school children in Orissa. It has been observed that apart from the genetic potential, the intra-uterine environment, mother’s nutritional status before, during and post pregnancy, and neonatal nutrition and associated traditional behavior drastically influence the growth and development of individuals. Adequate physical and mental fitness of parents is a marker for physical and mental fitness of the progeny. Heritable genetic factors are responsible for the ability to detect and identify smell and taste of food items of liking and disliking and for the fussy behavior toward different foods in children.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Health Profile; Antenatal Growth and Development; Behavioral Genetics; Nutrition; Smell and Tasting Abilities; Tribal children; Northern Orissa
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:7244
Deposited By:Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:02 May 2011 18:19
Last Modified:02 May 2011 18:19

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Balgir RS, Murmu B, Dash BP. Physical growth, health and nutritional status of the ashram school tribal children in Northern Orissa. Indian J Nutr Dietet 1999;36:443-452.

2. Balgir RS. A cross-sectional study of growth and physical development in fifteen major scheduled tribe communities of Orissa, India. Int J Child Adolescent Health 2008;1:243-252.

3. Gopalan C. Growth of affluent Indian girls during adolescence. Scientific Report No.10. New Delhi: Nutrition Foundation of India.1989; p.40.

4. Balgir RS, Murmu B, Dash BP. Health and nutritional status of ashram school children in two districts of Orissa. Indian J Nutr Dietet 1998;35:329-338.

5. Balgir RS. The spectrum of hemoglobin variants in two scheduled tribes of Sundargarh district in Northwestern Orissa, India. Ann Hum Biol 2005;32:560-573.

6. Balgir RS. Genetic heterogeneity of population structure in fifteen major scheduled tribes in Central-Eastern India: A study of immunohematological disorders. Indian J Hum Genet 2006;12:86-92.

7. WHO Report. Iron deficiency anemia: preventing and controlling iron deficiency anemia through Primary Health care. Geneva: World Health Organization. 1989; p.25.

8. Balgir RS, Murmu B, Dash BP. Hereditary hemolytic disorders among the ashram school children in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa. J Assocn Phys India 1999;47:987-990.

9. Gomez F, Galvan RR, Cravito JM, Frenk S. Malnutrition in infancy and childhood with special references to kwashiorkor. In: Levine S (ed) Advances in Pediatrics. Chicago: Year Book Publishers. 1955;7:131-136.

10. ICMR Report. Growth and physical development of Indian infants and children. Tech Report Series No.18. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research. 1984.

11. Raghavan KV, Singh D, Swaminathan MC. Heights and weights of well-nourished Indian school children. Indian J Med Res 1971;59:649-654.

12. Balgir RS, Kerketta AS, Murmu B, Dash BP. Clinical assessment of health and nutritional status of Gond children in Kalahandi district of Orissa. Indian J Nutr Dietet 2002;39:31-37.

13. Balgir RS. Biomedical anthropology in the service of mankind in the new millennium: are we ready? The Anthropologist. 2002;4:141-147.

14. Balgir RS. Can foods alter our behaviour? The Assam Tribune (Guwahati), February 8, 1987; p. 4-5

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page