A model of the emergence and evolution of integrated worldviews

Gabora, Dr. Liane and Aerts, Dr. Diederik (2009) A model of the emergence and evolution of integrated worldviews. [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:

PDF - Accepted Version


It is proposed that the ability of humans to flourish in diverse environments and evolve complex cultures reflects the following two underlying cognitive transitions. The transition from the coarse-grained associative memory of Homo habilis to the fine-grained memory of Homo erectus enabled limited representational redescription of perceptually similar episodes, abstraction, and analytic thought, the last of which is modeled as the formation of states and of lattices of properties and contexts for concepts. The transition to the modern mind of Homo sapiens is proposed to have resulted from onset of the capacity to spontaneously and temporarily shift to an associative mode of thought conducive to interaction amongst seemingly disparate concepts, modeled as the forging of conjunctions resulting in states of entanglement. The fruits of associative thought became ingredients for analytic thought, and vice versa. The ratio of associative pathways to concepts surpassed a percolation threshold resulting in the emergence of a self-modifying, integrated internal model of the world, or worldview.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords: cognitive development, concepts, context, cultural evolution, entanglement, evolutionary psychology, conceptual integraton, quantum interaction, SCOP formalism, worldview
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Biology > Cognitive Archeology
Psychology > Evolutionary Psychology
ID Code:6768
Deposited By:Gabora, Dr. Liane
Deposited On:30 Jan 2010 03:42
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

\item Aerts, D.

(1982). Description of many physical entities Without the paradoxes

encountered in quantum mechanics. \textit{Foundations of Physics,

12,} 1131-1170.

\item Aerts, D. (1983). Classical theories and non

classical theories as a special case of a more general theory,

\textit{Journal of Mathematical Physics, 24,} 2441-2453.

\item Aerts, D. (2007). General quantum modeling of combining concepts: A quantum field model in Fock space. Archive address and link:

\item Aerts, D. (2009). Quantum structure in cognition. Journal of Mathematical Psychology (submitted).

Aerts, D., Broekaert, J. and Smets, S. (1999a). The liar paradox in a quantum mechanical perspective. {\it Foundations of Science, 4}, pp. 115-132.

Aerts, D., Broekaert, J., Smets, S. (1999b). A quantum structure description of the liar paradox. {\it International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 38}, pp. 3231-3239.

\item Aerts,

D. \& Gabora, L. (2005a). A theory of concepts and their combinations

I: The structure of the sets of contexts and properties.

\textit{Kybernetes, 34}(1\&2), 167-191.

\item Aerts, D. \& Gabora, L.

(2005b). A theory of concepts and their combinations II: A Hilbert

space representation. \textit{Kybernetes, 34}(1\&2), 192-221.


Aiello, L. \& Dunbar, R. (1993). Neocortex size, group size, and the

evolution of language. \textit{Current Anthropology, 34},


\item Ashby, F. G., \& Ell, S. W. (2002). Single versus

multiple systems of learning and memory. In J. Wixted \& H. Pashler

(Eds.) \textit{Stevens? handbook of experimental psychology: Volume 4

Methodology in experimental psychology}. New York: Wiley.


Barkow, J., Cosmides, L., \& Tooby, J. (1992). \textit{The adapted

mind.} New York: Oxford University Press.

\item Bar-Yosef, O. (1994).

The contribution of southwest Asia to the study of the origin of

modern humans. In M. Nitecki \& D. Nitecki (Eds.) \textit{Origins of

anatomically modern humans}, Plenum Press.

Bouissac, P. (1998).

Converging parallels: Semiotics and psychology in evolutionary

perspective. \textit{Theory and Psychology}, 8(6), 731-753.


Beltrametti, E. \& Cassinelli, G. (1981). \textit{The logic of

quantum mechanics.} Boston: Addison-Wesley.

\item Bickerton, D. (1990). \textit{Language and species.} Chicago: University of Chicago



Barsalou, L.W. (1982). Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts. \textit{Memory \& Cognition, 10}, 82-93.

\item Bruza, P. \& Cole, R. (2005). Quantum logic of semantic

space: An exploratory investigation of context effects in practical

reasoning. In S. Artemov, H. Barringer, A. S. d'Avila Garcez, L. C.

Lamb and J. Woods (Eds.) \textit{We Will Show Them: Essays in Honour

of Dov Gabbay}. College Publications, 1, pp. 339?361.

Bruza, P.

Kitto, K. Nelson, D. \& McEvoy, C. (in press). Is there something

quantum-like about the human mental lexicon? Journal of Mathematical


\item Busemeyer, J. R., Wang, Z., \& Townsend, J. T.

(2006). Quantum dynamics of human decision making. \textit{Journal of

Mathematical Psychology, 50}, 220-242.

\item Busemeyer, J. R. , Matthew, M., \& Wang, Z. (2006) A Quantum Information Processing Theory Explanation of Disjunction Effects. {\it Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society}.

\item Busemeyer, J. R. \&

Wang, Z. (2007). Quantum Information Processing Explanation for

Interactions between Inferences and Decisions. \textit{Proceedings of

the AAAI Spring Symposium on Quantum Interaction} (pp. 91-97).

Stanford University, March 26-28.

\item Carey, S. (1985).

\textit{Conceptual change in childhood}. Cambridge: MIT Press.


Churchland, P. S. \& Sejnowski, T. (1992). \textit{The computational

brain.} Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

\item Corballis, M. C. (1991).

\textit{The lopsided ape: Evolution of the generative mind.}

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

\item Davis, J., \&

Rovee-Collier, C. (1983). Alleviated forgetting of a learned

contingency in 8-week-old infants. \textit{Developmental Psychology,

19}, 353-365.

\item Dawkins, R. (1976). \textit{The selfish gene}.

Oxford: Oxford University Press.

\item Deacon, T. (1997). \textit{The

symbolic species}. New York: Norton. [p. 751]

\item Dennett, D.

(1978). \textit{Brainstorms}. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Dikranjan, D., Giuli, E. \& Tozzi, A. (1988). Topological categories

and closure operators. \textit{Questiones Mathematics, 11}(3),


\item Donald, M. (1991) \textit{Origins of the modern

mind.} Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

\item Edelman, G. E.

(1993). \textit{Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of Mind.}

New York: Basic Books.

\item Erdos, P. \& Renyi, A. (1959).

\textit{On the random graphs}. 1(6), Institute of Mathematics,

University of Debrecenians, Debrecar, Hungary.

\item Erdos, P. \&

Renyi, A. (1960). \textit{On the evolution of random graphs}.

Institute of Mathematics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Publication

number 5.

\item Fauconnier, G. \& Turner, M. (2002). \textit{The way

we think: Conceptual blending and the mind's hidden complexities.}

New York: Basic Books.

\item Gabora, L. (1998). A tentative scenario

for the origin of culture. \textit{Psycoloquy, 9}(67).

\item Gabora,

L. (1999). Weaving, bending, patching, mending the fabric of reality:

A cognitive science perspective on worldview inconsistency.

\textit{Foundations of Science, 3}(2), 395-428.

\item Gabora, L.

(2000). Conceptual closure: Weaving memories into an interconnected

worldview. In G. Van de Vijver and J. Chandler (Eds.)

\textit{Closure: Emergent Organizations and their Dynamics. Annals of

the New York Academy of Sciences 901}, 42-53.

\item Gabora, L.

(2002a). The beer can theory of creativity. In P. Bentley \& D. Corne

(Eds.) \textit{Creative Evolutionary Systems,} (pp. 147-161). San

Francisco CA: Morgan Kauffman.

\item Gabora, L. (2002b). Cognitive

mechanisms underlying the creative process. In T. Hewett and T.

Kavanagh (Eds.) \textit{Proceedings of the Fourth International

Conference on Creativity and Cognition,} (pp. 126-133). October

13-16, Loughborough University, UK.

\item Gabora, L. (2003).

Contextual focus: A cognitive explanation for the cultural transition

of the Middle/Upper Paleolithic. In (R. Alterman \& D. Hirsch, Eds.)

\textit{Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive

Science Society}, Boston MA, 31 July-2 August. Lawrence Erlbaum


\item Gabora, L. (2004). Ideas are not replicators but

interrelated networks of them are. \textit{Biology and Philosophy,

19}(1), 127-143.

\item Gabora, L. (2005). Creative thought as a

non-Darwinian evolutionary process. \textit{Journal of Creative

Behavior, 39}(4), 65-87.

\item Gabora, L. (2006). Self-other

organization: Why early life did not evolve through natural

selection. \textit{Journal of Theoretical Biology, 241} (3),


\item Gabora, L. (2008). The cultural evolution of socially

situated cognition. \textit{Cognitive Systems Research, 9}(1-2),


\item Gabora, L. \& Aerts, D. (2002). Contextualizing

concepts using a mathematical generalization of the quantum

formalism. \textit{Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial

Intelligence, 14}(4), 327-358.

\item Gabora, L. \& Aerts, D. (2005).

Evolution as context-driven actualization of potential: Toward an

interdisciplinary theory of change of state.

\textit{Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 30}(1), 69-88.


Gabora, L., Rosch, E., \& Aerts, D. (2008). Toward an ecological

theory of concepts. \textit{Ecological Psychology, 20}(1),


\item G\"ardenfors, P. (2000). \textit{Conceptual Spaces: The

geometry of thought.} Cambridge, MA: MIT press.

\item Gelman, R.

(1993). A rational-constructivist account of early learning about

numbers and objects. In D. Medin (Ed.) \textit{Learning and

motivation,} (pp. 61-96). New York: Academic Press.

\item Hampton, S.

J. (2004). Domina mismatches, scruffy engineering, exaptations and

spandrels. \textit{Theory and Psychology 14}(2), 147-166.


Hancock, P. J. B., Smith, L. S. \& Phillips, W. A. (1991). A

biologically supported error-correcting learning rule. {\it Neural

Computation, 3}(2), 201-212.

\item Holden, S.B. \& Niranjan, M.

(1997). Average-case learning curves for radial basis


networks. {\it Neural Computation, 9}(2), 441-460.


Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1983). {\it Mental models.} Cambridge MA:

Harvard University Press.

\item Kanerva, P. (1988). \textit{Sparse,

distributed memory.} Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

\item Karmiloff-Smith,

A. (1990). Constraints on representational change: Evidence from

children?s drawing. \textit{Cognition, 34}, 57-83.


Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1992). \textit{Beyond modularity: A

developmental perspective on cognitive science}. Cambridge MA: MIT


\item Kauffman, S. (1993). \textit{Origins of order}. Oxford:

Oxford University Press.

\item Keil, F. C. (1995). The growth of

causal understandings of natural kinds. In S. Sperber, D. Premack, \&

A. Premack (Eds.) \textit{Causal cognition: A multidisciplinary

debate,} (pp. 234-262). Cambridge: Oxford University Press.


Klein, R. (1989). Biological and behavioral perspectives on modern

human origins in South Africa. In P. Mellars \& C. Stringe (Eds.)

\textit{The human revolution}. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

\item Langton, C. G. (1992) Life at the edge of chaos. In (C. G.

Langton, C. Taylor, J. D. Farmer \& S. Rasmussen, eds.)

\textit{Artificial life II}. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

\item Leakey, R.

(1984). \textit{The origins of humankind}. New York: Science Masters

Basic Books.

\item Leslie, A. (2000). \textit{Theory of mind as a

mechanism of selective attention}. Rutgers University Tech Report


\item Lieberman, P. (1991). \textit{Uniquely human: The

evolution of speech, thought, and selfless behavior.} Boston: Harvard

University Press.

\item Lu, Y.W., Sundararajan, N. \& Saratchandran,

P. (1997). A sequential learning scheme for function approximation

using minimal radial basis function neural networks. {\it Neural

Computation, 9}(2), 461-478.

\item Maturana, H. \& Varela, F.

(1973/1980). \textit{Autopoeisis and cognition: The realization of

the living}. Boston: Reidel.

\item Matzel, L., Collin, C., \& Alkon,

D. (1992). Biophysical and behavioral correlates of memory storage:

Degradation and reactivation. \textit{Behavioral Neuroscience, 106},


\item McBrearty, S. \& Brooks, A. S. (2000). The revolution

that wasn?t: A new interpretation of the origin of modern human

behavior. \textit{Journal of Human Evolution 39}(5), 453-563.


Mednick, S. (1962). The associative basis of the creative process.

\textit{Psychological Review, 69,} 220?232.

\item Mellars, P. (1973).

The character of the middle-upper transition in south-west France. In

C. Renfrew (Ed.) \textit{The explanation of culture change}. London:


\item Mellars, P. (1989a). Technological changes in the

Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition: Economic, social, and cognitive

perspectives. In P. Mellars \& C. Stringer (Eds.) \textit{The human

revolution}. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

\item Mellars,

P. (1989b). Major issues in the emergence of modern humans.

\textit{Current Anthropology, 30}, 349-385.

\item Mikkulainen

(1997). Neural network perspectives on cognition and adaptive

robotics. In (A Brown, Ed.) \textit{Natural language processing with

subsymbolic neural networks.} Bristol UK, Philadelphia: Institute of

Physics Press.

\item Mithen, S. (1996). \textit{The prehistory of the

mind: A search for the origins of art, science, and religion.}

London: Thames \& Hudson.

\item Mithen, S. (1998). A creative

explosion? Theory of mind, language, and the disembodied mind of the

Upper Paleolithic. In S. Mithen (Ed.) \textit{Creativity in human

evolution and prehistory}. New York: Routledge.

\item Morowitz, H. J.

(2002). \textit{The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became

Complex.} Oxford University Press, New York.

\item Neisser, U.

(1963). The multiplicity of thought. \textit{British Journal of

Psychology, 54}, 1-14.

\item Nelson, D. L. \& McEvoy, C. L. (2007).

Activation at a distance is not spooky anymore: The conjunction of

entangled associative structures and context. \textit{Proceedings of

the AAAI Spring Symposium on Quantum Interaction,} Stanford

University, March 26-28.

\item Nelson, D. L., McEvoy, C. L. \&

Pointer, L. (2003). Spreading activation or spooky action at a

distance. \textit{Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning,

Memory, and Cognition 29,} 42?51.

\item Osherson , D. N. \& Smith, E.

E. (1981). On the adequacy of prototype theory as a theory of

concepts. \textit{Cognition, 9}, 35-58.

\item Piaget 1926).

\textit{The language and thought of the child}. Hillsdale, NJ:

Lawrence Erlbaum.

\item Piron, C. (1976). \textit{Foundations of

Quantum Physics.} Reading, MA: W.A. Benjamin.

\item Rosch (1978).

Principles of categorization. In Rosch, E. \& Lloyd, B. (Eds.)

\textit{Cognition and categorization}. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence


\item Rovee-Collier, C., Hartshorn, K., \& DiRubbo, M.

(1999). Long-term maintenance of infant memory. \textit{Developmental

Psychobiology, 35}, 91-102.

\item Ruff, C., Trinkaus, E. \& Holliday,

T. (1997). Body mass and encephalization in Pleistocene Homo.

\textit{Nature, 387,} 173-176.

\item Sloman, S. (1996). The empirical

case for two systems of Reasoning. \textit{Psychological Bulletin,

9}(1), 3-22.

\item Smolensky, P. (1988). On the proper treatment of

connectionism. \textit{Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11,}


\item Soffer, O. (1994). Ancestral lifeways in Eurasia---The

Middle and Upper Paleolithic records. In M. Nitecki \& D. Nitecki,

(Eds.) \textit{Origins of anatomically modern humans.} New York:

Plenum Press.

\item Spelke, E. S. (2000). Core knowledge.

\textit{American Psychologist, 55}(11), 1233-1243.

\item Spoor, F.

Leakey, M. G., Gathogo, P. N., Brown, F. H., Anton, S. C.,

McDougall, I., Kiarie, C., Manthi, F. K. and Leakey, L. N. (2007).

Implications of new early homo fossils from ileret, east of lake

turkana, kenya. \textit{Nature, 448,} 688-691.

\item Stringer, C. \&

Gamble, C. (1993). \textit{In search of the Neanderthals.} London:

Thames \& Hudson.

\item Thompson, E.(2007). \textit{Mind in Life -

Biology, Phenomenology and the Sciences of Mind.} Cambridge MA:

Harvard University Press.

\item Vetsigian, K., Woese, C., \&

Goldenfeld, N. (2006). Collective evolution and the genetic code.

\textit{Proceedings of the New York Academy of Science USA, 103,}


\item W?chtersh?user, G. (1992). Groundwork for an

evolutionary biochemistry: the iron-sulfur world. \textit{Prog.

Biophys. Molec. Biol. 58,} 85-201.

\item Weber, B. H. (1998).

Emergence of life and biological selection from the perspective of

complex systems dynamics. In: G. van de Vijver, S. N. Salthe \& M.

Delpos (Eds.) \textit{Evolutionary Systems: Biological and

Epistemological Perspectives on Selection and Self-Organization.}

Kluwer, Dordrecht.

\item Weber, B. H. (2000). Closure in the

emergence and evolution of life: Multiple discourses or one? In: J.

L. R. Chandler \& G. Van de Vijver (Eds.) \textit{Closure: Emergent

Organizations and their Dynamics, Annals of the New York Academy of

Sciences 901,} pp. 132-138.

\item Weber, B.H., \& Depew, J.D. (1996).

Natural selection and self-organization. \textit{Biology and Philosophy, 11}(1), 33-65.

\item White, R. (1982). Rethinking the

Middle/Upper Paleolithic transition. \textit{Current Anthropology,

23}, 169-189.

\item White, R. (1993). Technological and social

dimensions of 'Aurignacian-age' body ornaments across Europe. In H.

Knecht, A. Pike-Tay, \& R. White (Eds.) \textit{Before Lascaux: The

complex record of the Early Upper Paleolithc.} New York: CRC


\item Widdows, D. S. (2003). Orthogonal negation in vector

spaces for modeling word meanings and document retrieval. In

\textit{Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Association for

Computational Linguistics} (p. 136-143), Sapporo Japan, July


\item Widdows, D. \& Peters, S. (2003). Word vectors and

quantum logic: experiments with negation and disjunction. In

\textit{Eighth Meeting of the Association for the Mathematics of

Language} (p. 141-154), Bloomington IN: Association for Computational


\item Williams, R. J. P. \& Frausto da Silva, J. J. R.

(1999). \textit{Bringing Chemistry to Life: From Matter to Man.}

Oxford University Press, Oxford.

\item Williams, R. J. P. \& Frausto

da Silva, J. J. R. (2002). The systems approach to evolution.

\textit{Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 297,} 689-699.

\item Williams,

R. J. P. \&Frausto da Silva, J. J. R. (2003). Evolution was

chemically constrained. \textit{J. Theor. Biol. 220,} 323-343.


Willshaw, D. J. \& Dayan, P. (1990). Optimal plasticity from matrix

memory: What goes up must come down. {\it Journal of Neural

Computation, 2}, 85-93.

\item Woese, C.R. (2002). On the evolution of

cells. \textit{Proceedings of the National Academy of


99}(13), 8742-8747.


Repository Staff Only: item control page