Cogprints

Contribution of Bacterial Infection to Male Infertility in Nigerians

Emokpae, MA and Uadia, PO and Sadiq, NM (2009) Contribution of Bacterial Infection to Male Infertility in Nigerians. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

143Kb

Abstract

There is disagreement as to the influence of certain microbial infection on male infertility and such agents are ignored. The incidence of these microbial agents in seminal fluid isolates is on the increase. This study therefore evaluates the prevalence of male factor infertility and contribution of microbial infection to male infertility in Kano, northern Nigeria. Seminal fluid analysis in five hundred males who were investigated for infertility was evaluated using the 5th generation SQ AII C-P sperm quality analyzer and the Neubaeur counting chamber. The result indicates that 58.2% had sperm density less than twenty million per millilitre. The oligospermic subjects (sperm density 2-19 millions/ml) were 27.6%, severe oligospermic (sperm density less than 2 million) 13.2% and azoospermia, 17.4%. Asthenospermia (motility less than 50%) decrease from 44.8% in oligospermia to 24.0% in severe oligospermia. Teratospermia (abnormal morphology greater than 50%) also deteriorated from 46.3% to 35.4% in oligospermic and severe oligospermic males respectively. Seminal fluid infection increases with decreasing sperm density, motility and morphology. The prevalence of abnormal sperm indices and bacterial infection is high and Staphylococcus aureus infection should be treated and no longer ignored in the management of male factor infertility.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Male infertility, oligospermia, severe oligospermia, azoospermia infection
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:6564
Deposited By:Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:02 Jul 2009 02:45
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1.Auroux M. Urogenital infection and male fertility. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 1988;17(7):869-875.

2.Keck, C., Gerber-Schafer, C.,Clad, A, Wilhelm, C and Breckwoldt, M. Seminal tract infections: impact on male fertility and treatment options. Hum Reprod Update. 1998;4(6):891-903.

3.Ajabor, L.M., Ezimokhai, M and Kadiri, A. Male contribution to subfertility in Benin city, Nigeria. Trop J Obst Gynaecol 1981;2:53.

4.Megafu, U. Seminal fluid infection and oligospermia. Trop J Obst Gynaecol 1991;9(2):10-12.

5.World Health Organisation. Laboratory Manual for the examination of Human Semen and Sperm Cervical mucus interaction 4th Ed, Cambridge University press, 1999.

6.Onwudiegwu U, Bako A. Male contribution to infertility in a Nigerian Community. J Obstet Gynaecol 1993;13(2):135-138.

7.Okon KO, Nwaogwu M, Zailani SO, Chama C. Pattern of Seminal fluid  indices among infertile Male partners attending the infertility clinic of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria. Highland Med J 2005;1(3):18–23.

8.Chukwudebelu WO. The male factor in infertility. The Nigerian experience. Int J Infertility. 1978;23:238

9.Macleod J, Gold, R. The Male factor infertility and infertility part II spermatozoa counts in 1000 men of known fertility. J Urol 1951;66:436–449.

10.Zukerman Z, Rodriguez – Rigau LJ, Smith KD, Steinberger E. Frequency distribution of sperm counts in fertile and infertile males. Fertil  Steril  1977;28:1310–1313.

11.Emokpae MA. A review of laboratory investigations of Male infertility. Nig J Med 1999;8(2):104-107.

12.Barfield A, Melo J, Continho H et al. Pregnancies associated with sperm concentrations below 10 million/ ml in clinical studies of a potential male contraceptive method. Monthly depot medroxy progesterone acetate and testosterone esters. Contraception. 1979;20:121.

13.Burris AS, Clark RV, Vantman DJ et al. A low sperm concentration does not preclude fertility in man with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism after gonadotropic therapy. Fertil Steril 1988;50:343.

14.Fowler, JE Jr, Mariano M. Difficulties in quantitating the contribution of methral bacterial to prostatic fluid and seminal fluid cultures. J Urol 1984;132:471-473

15.Bukharin OV, Kuz’min MD, Ivanov IUB. The role the microbial factor in the pathogenesis of male infertility. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000;(2):106-110.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page