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Isolating the effects of the Cognitive Interview techniques

Memon, Amina and Wark, Linsey and Bull, Ray and Koehnken, Guenter (1997) Isolating the effects of the Cognitive Interview techniques. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

The Cognitive Interview (CI) is a procedure designed for use in police interviews involving witnesses. This study tested the most recent version of the CI (Fisher and Geiselman, 1992) which comprises not only `cognitive' techniques such as context reinstatement but also more `social' communication techniques for increasing rapport. Children (8-9 years) viewed a magic show and were interviewed after a short delay of 2 days (Time 1) and/or a longer delay of 12 days (Time 2). At Time 1 the CI produced a significantly greater amount of correct recall than did a structured interview (SI) which was similar to the CI save for the CI's special cognitive techniques. However, at Time 1 the CI also produced significantly more recall errors. At Time 2, no differences occurred between CI and SI recall. There was a significant hypermnesia effect at Time 2 for those groups interviewed twice suggesting an effect of retrieval practice. The Time 1 effects of the CI were found to exist only in the questioning phase of the interview and social and cognitive explanations for the changes in the nature of recall with a CI are considered. Practical implications are discussed in the context of good practice for interviewing child witnesses.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:cognitive interview, eyewitness, children questioning
Subjects:Psychology > Applied Cognitive Psychology
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:639
Deposited By:Memon, Amina
Deposited On:23 Apr 1998
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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