Cogprints

Emergentism revisited

Musholt, Kristina (2005) Emergentism revisited. [Conference Poster] (Unpublished)

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF (ASSC Poster presentation) - Presentation
627Kb

Abstract

The “explanatory gap” is proposed to be the “hard problem” of consciousness research and has generated a great deal of recent debate. Arguments brought forward to reveal this gap include the conceivability of zombies or the “super-neuroscientist” Mary. These are supposed to show that the facts of consciousness are not a priori entailed by the microphysical facts. Similar arguments were already proposed by emergence theories in the context of the debate between mechanism and vitalism. According to synchronic emergentism, the property of a system is emergent, when it cannot - in principle - be deduced from a complete description of the system’s components. Here, I argue that apart from phenomenal properties there are many other properties that, even though they are clearly physical, are not reductively explainable either. The explanatory gap of consciousness is therefore only a part of a much more general problem.

Item Type:Conference Poster
Keywords:emergence, consciousness, qualia, explanatory gap, hard problem, reductive explanation, pragmatism
Subjects:Philosophy > Philosophy of Mind
ID Code:6018
Deposited By:Musholt, Kristina
Deposited On:24 Apr 2008 17:38
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Aristoteles. Philosophische Schriften in sechs Bänden. Hamburg:Meiner.

2. Block, N. and Stalnaker, R. (1999) Conceptual analysis, dualism and the explanatory gap. Philosophical Review

3. Broad, C.D. (1925) The mind and its place in nature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

4. Chalmers, D. (1996). The conscious mind. New York: Oxford University Press.

5. Dennett, D.C. (1991). Real patterns. The Journal of Philosophy, 88, 27-51.

6. El-Hani, C.N. and Pihlström, S. (2002). Emergence theories and pragmatic realism. Essays in Philosophy, 3, 1-40.

7. Jackson, F. (1982). Epiphenomenal Qualia. Philosophical Quarterly, 32, 127-136

8. Levine, J. (1983). Materialism and qualia: the explanatory gap.Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 64, 354-361

9. Levine, J. (1993). On leaving out what it’s like. In: Davies and Humphreys (1993)

10.Ros, A. (2005). Materie und Geist. Paderborn: Mentis

11.Van Gulick, R. (1992). Nonreductive Materialism and the nature of intertheoretical constraint. In: Beckermann, Flohr, Kim. New York: De Gruyter.

12.Wittgenstein, L. Philosophische Untersuchungen; Das blaue Buch; Über Gewissheit. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp (1984)

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page