Consistency of Skinner Box Activity Measures in the domestic Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Zworykina, Dr. Svetlana V. and Budaev, Dr. Sergey V. and Zworykin, Dr. Dmitry D. (1997) Consistency of Skinner Box Activity Measures in the domestic Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:

PDF (Consistency of Skinner Box Activity Measures in the domestic Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus))
[img]ASCII (Consistency of Skinner Box Activity Measures in the domestic Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus))


Consistency of individual differences in several measures of Skinner box operant and other activity and their intercorrelations in 14 chinchilla bred rabbits were studied. Reliability analysis revealed that both operant and activity measures were highly consistent (Cronbach alpha>0.87) over at least 15 days. Furthermore, locomotor activity, the tendencies to press the lever with high frequency, to make many errors, to check the presence of food in the dispenser as well as rearing were highly inter-correlated, making up a single dimension of activity. However, grooming did not correlate with these behaviors.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Subjects:Biology > Animal Behavior
Psychology > Comparative Psychology
ID Code:5991
Deposited By:Budaev, Dr. Sergey
Deposited On:07 Apr 2008 22:08
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Archer, J. (1973). Tests for emotionality in rats and mice: A review. Animal Behaviour, 21, 205-235.

Boissy, A. (1995). Fear and fearfulness in animals. Quarterly Review of Biology, 70, 165-191.

Budaev, S.V. (1997a). The dimensions of personality in animals: The comparative and evolutionary framework. In: M. Taborsky & B. Taborsky (Eds.), Advances in Ethology. Contributions to XXV International Ethological Conference, Vienna, Austria, 20-27 August 1997 (vol. 32, p. 90). Berlin: Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag (Abstract).

Budaev, S.V. (1997b). “Personality” in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata): A correlational study of exploratory behavior and social tendency. Journal of Comparative Psychology. 111, 399-411.

Clark, A.B., & Ehlinger, T.J. (1987). Pattern and adaptation in individual behavioral differences. In: P.P.G. Bateson & P.H. Klopfer (Eds.), Perspectives in Ethology (vol. 7, pp. 1-47). New York: Plenum Press.

Dziuban, C.D., & Shirkey, E.S. (1974). When is a correlation matrix appropriate for factor analysis? Some decision rules. Psychological Bulletin, 81, 358-361.

Garcia-Sevilla, L. (1984). Extraversion and neuroticism in rats. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 511-532.

Goddard, M.E., & Beilharz, R.G. (1984). The relationship of fearfulness to, and the effects of, sex, age and experience on exploration and activity in dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 12, 267-278.

Gomá, M., & Tobeña, A. (1985). Activity measures in stress-attenuated novelty tests as possible analogues for extraversion in rats: Some experimental results. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 83-96.

Harzem, P. (1984). Experimental analysis of individual differences and personality. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 42, 385-395.

Hirsch, J. (1962). Individual differences in behavior and their genetic basis. In: E.L.Bliss (Ed.) Roots of Behavior (pp. 3-23). New York: Harper & Brothers.

Jones, R.B., Mills, A.D., & Faure, J.M. (1991). Genetic and environmental manipulation of fear-related behavior in Japanese quail chicks (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 105, 15-24.

Lát, J., & Gollová-Hemon, E. (1969). Permanent effects of nutritional and endocrinological intervention in early ontogeny on the level of non-specific excitability and on lability (emotionality). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 159, 710-720.

Maier, S.E., Vandenhoff, P., & Crowne, D.P. (1988). Multivariate analysis of putative measures of activity, exploration, emotionality, and spatial behavior in the hooded rat (Rattus norvegicus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 102, 378-387.

Meijsser, F.M., Kersten, A.M.P., Wiepkema, P.R., & Metz J.H.M. (1989). An analysis of the open-field performance of sub-adult rabbits. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 24, 147-155.

Nunnally, J.C. (1967). Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Ossenkopp, K.-P., & Mazmanian, D.S. (1985). The principle of aggregation in psychobiological correlational research: An example from the open-field test. Animal Learning and Behavior, 13, 339-344.

Ossenkopp, K.-P., Sorenson, L., & Mazmanian, D.S. (1994). Factor analysis of open field behavior in the rat (Rattus norvegicus): Application of the three-way PARAFAC model to a longitudinal data set. Behavioural Processes, 31, 129-144.

Reed, P. & Pizzimenti, L. (1995). Lack of consistent individual differences in rats on tasks that require response inhibition. Animal Learning and Behavior, 23,454-460.

Royce, J.R. (1977). On the construct validity of open-field measures. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 1098-1106.

Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1983). Individual characteristics: a statement of the problem. Consistency over time. Predictability across situations. In: R.H. Hinde (Ed.), Primate Social Relationships: An Integrated Approach (pp. 28-34). Oxford: Blackwell.

Tachibana, T. (1985). Higher reliability and closer relationship between open-field test measures on aggregation data. Animal Learning and Behavior, 13, 345-348.

Walsh, R.N., & Cummins, R.A. (1976). The open-field test: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin, 83, 482-504.

Wise, R.A., & Rompre, P. (1989). Brain dopamine and reward. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 191-225.

Wilson, D.S., Clark, A.B., Coleman, K., & Dearstyne, T. (1994). Shyness and boldness in humans and other animals. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 442-446.

Zuckerman, M. (1994). Psychobiology of Personality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Repository Staff Only: item control page