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Dynamical Recurrent Neural Networks: Towards Environmental Time Series Prediction}

Aussem, A. and Murtagh, F. and Sarazin, M. (1995) Dynamical Recurrent Neural Networks: Towards Environmental Time Series Prediction}. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Dynamical Recurrent Neural Networks (DRNN) (Aussem 1995a) are a class of fully recurrent networks obtained by modeling synapses as autoregressive filters. By virtue of their internal dynamic, these networks approximate the underlying law governing the time series by a system of nonlinear difference equations of internal variables. They therefore provide history-sensitive forecasts without having to be explicitly fed with external memory. The model is trained by a local and recursive error propagation algorithm called temporal-recurrent-backpropagation. The efficiency of the procedure benefits from the exponential decay of the gradient terms backpropagated through the adjoint network. We assess the predictive ability of the DRNN model with meteorological and astronomical time series recorded around the candidate observation sites for the future VLT telescope. The hope is that reliable environmental forecasts provided with the model will allow the modern telescopes to be preset, a few hours in advance, in the most suited instrumental mode. In this perspective, the model is first appraised on precipitation measurements with traditional nonlinear AR and ARMA techniques using feedforward networks. Then we tackle a complex problem, namely the prediction of astronomical seeing, known to be a very erratic time series. A fuzzy coding approach is used to reduce the complexity of the underlying laws governing the seeing. Then, a fuzzy correspondence analysis is carried out to explore the internal relationships in the data. Based on a carefully selected set of meteorological variables at the same time-point, a nonlinear multiple regression, termed {\em nowcasting} (Murtagh et al.\ 1993, 1995), is carried out on the fuzzily coded seeing records. The DRNN is shown to outperform the fuzzy {\em k}-nearest neighbors method.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:recurrent neural networks, gradient descent, fuzzy logic, nearest neighbor method, time series prediction, astronomy, meteorological prediction
Subjects:Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science > Dynamical Systems
Computer Science > Neural Nets
Computer Science > Speech
ID Code:548
Deposited By:Alex, Aussem
Deposited On:06 Oct 1999
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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