Cogprints

The imperfect observer: Mind, machines, and materialism in the 21st century

Donath, Judith (2006) The imperfect observer: Mind, machines, and materialism in the 21st century. [Conference Paper] (In Press)

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
67Kb

Abstract

The dualist / materialist debates about the nature of consciousness are based on the assumption that an entirely physical universe must ultimately be observable by humans (with infinitely advanced tools). Thus the dualists claim that anything unobservable must be non-physical, while the materialists argue that in theory nothing is unobservable. However, there may be fundamental limitations in the power of human observation, no matter how well aided, that greatly curtail our ability to know and observe even a fully physical universe. This paper presents arguments to support the model of an inherently limited observer and explores the consequences of this view.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:dualism, consciousness, machine intelligence, neurophilosophy
Subjects:Philosophy > Philosophy of Mind
Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
ID Code:5436
Deposited By:Donath, J.
Deposited On:06 Mar 2007
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

AIST. 2006. Paro found to improve brain function in patients with cognition disorders. Advanced Industrial Science and Technology. Accessed. Available from http://www.aist.go.jp/aist_e/latest_research/2006/20060213/20060213.html.

Allison, Truett. 2001. Neuroscience and morality. Neuroscientist 7, no. 5: 360-364.

Baumer, Franklin L. 1977. Modern european thought. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co.

Bloom, Paul. 2004. The duel between body and soul. The New York Times, Sept 10, 2004.

Breazeal, C and B Scassellati. 1998. Infant-like social interactions between a robot and a human caretaker. Adaptive Behavior.

Brown, Warren S. 2002. Nonreductive physicalism and soul. The American Behavioral Scientist 45, no. 12: 1812-1823.

Carr, Laurie, Marco Iacoboni, Marie-Charlotte Dubeau, John C. Mazziotta, and Gian Luigi Lenzi. 2003. Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: A relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 100, no. 9: 5497-5502.

Chalmers, David J. 1995. Facing up to the problem of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2, no. 3: 200-219.

Churchland, Paul M. 1989. Knowing qualia: A reply to jackson. In A neurocomputational perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Crick, Francis and Christof Koch. 1998. Consciousness and neuroscience. Cerebral Cortex 8: 97-107.

________. 2003. A framework for consciousness. Nature Neuroscience 6: 119 - 126.

d'Andrade, Roy. 1987. A folk model of the mind. In Cultural models in language and thought, ed. Dorothy Holland and Naomi Quinn:112-148.

Dennett, Daniel C. 1988. Quining qualia. In Consciousness in modern science, ed. eds A. Marcel and E. Bisiach: Oxford University Press.

Friedman, Batya, Peter H. Kahn, Jr., and Jennifer Hagman. 2003. Hardware companions? What online aibo discussion forums reveal about the human-robotic relationship. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems:273-280. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA: ACM Press.

Gibson, William. 1987. Count zero. New York: Ace.

Harnad, Steven. 1990. The symbol grounding problem. Physica D 42: 335-346.

Hauser, Marc D. 1996. The evolution of communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

________. 2006. Moral minds. New York: HarperCollins.

Hohwy, Jakob and C Frith. 2004. Can neuroscience explain consciousness? Journal of consciousness studies 11, no. 7-8: 180-198.

Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. 1999. Mother nature. New York: Pantheon Books.

Jackson, Frank. 1986. What mary didn't know. The Journal of Philosophy 83, no. 5: 291-295.

James, William. 1904. Does 'consciousness' exist? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods 1: 477-491.

Kahn, Peter H., Jr., Batya Friedman, Deanne R. Perez-Granados, and Nathan G. Freier. 2004. Robotic pets in the lives of preschool children. In CHI '04 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems:1449-1452. Vienna, Austria: ACM Press.

Kropotkin, Peter. 1902. Mutual aid: A factor of evolution.

Lakoff, George. 1987. Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Loebner, Hugh. 2006. Home page of the loebner prize in artificial intelligence. Accessed. Available from http://www.loebner.net/Prizef/loebner-prize.html.

Ludlow, Peter, Yujin Nagasawa, and Daniel Stoljar, eds. 2004. There's something about mary. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Miller, Geoffrey. F. (2000). New York: Doubleday. 2000. The mating mind: How sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature. New York: Doubleday.

Minsky, Marvin. 2005. Interior grounding, reflection, and self-consciousness. In Proceedings of an International Conference on Brain, Mind and Society. Tohoku University, Japan.

Nagel, Thomas. 1974. What is it like to be a bat? The Philosophical Review, Vol. 83, No. 4. (Oct., 1974), pp. 435-450. 83, no. 4: 435-450.

Panksepp, Jaak. 2003. Feeling the pain of social loss. Science 10, no. 5643: 237 - 239.

Quervain, Dominique J.-F. de, Urs Fischbacher, Valerie Treyer, Melanie Schellhammer, Ulrich Schnyder, Alfred Buck, and Ernst Fehr. 2004. The neural basis of altruistic punishment. Science 305, no. 5688: 1254-8.

Ramachandran, V. S. and W. Hirstein. 1998. Three laws of qualia: What neurology tells us about the biological functions of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 4: 429-57.

Rizzolatt, Giacomo and Laila Craighero. 2004. The mirror-neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience 27: 169-192.

Rolls, Edmund T. 2004. The functions of the orbitofrontal cortex. Brain and Cognition 55, no. 1: 11-29.

Rosch, Eleanor. 1975. Cognitive representations of semantic categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology 104: 192-233.

Rose, James D. 2002. The neurobehavioral nature of fishes and the question of awareness and pain. Reviews in Fisheries Science 10, no. 1: 1-38.

Roy, Deb and Alex Pentland. 2002. Learning words from sights and sounds: A computational model. Cognitive Science 26, no. 1: 113-146.

Sanfey, Alan G., James K. Rilling, Jessica A. Aronson, Leigh E. Nystrom, and Jonathan D. Cohen. 2003. The neural basis of economic decision-making in the ultimatum game. Science 300, no. 5626: 5626.

Searle, John. R. (1980). 1980. Minds, brains, and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3, no. 3: 417-457.

Simmel, Georg. 1959. How is society possible? In Georg simmel, 1858-1918: A collection of essays, ed. Kurt H. Wolff. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press. Original edition, 1908.

Strommen, Erik. 1998. When the interface is a talking dinosaur: Learning across media with actimates barney. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems:288-295. Los Angeles, California, United States: ACM Press/Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.

von Ahn, Luis, Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. Hopper, and John Langford. 2003. Captcha: Using hard ai problems for security. In Proceedings of of Eurocrypt '03:294-311.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page