Consciousness, idealist philosophy, materialist philosophy, interdisciplinary,
parapsychology, intelligent design of the universe
by Axel Randrup
of the book
A Genuine Theory of Everything
by Orogee Dolsenhe,
EBookstand Books Houston, USA, 2005.
xviii + 456 pages.
Author's e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
This book is an original and imaginative piece of work. The author is
critical towards mainstream science and materialist philosophy. and specifically
he criticizes the attempts of some physicists to make "a theory of
everything" based on physics only. He thinks, that "everything"
must include mind and consciousness, and in the book he tries to develop
a genuine theory of everything based on an idealist philosophy.
In idealist philosophy consciousness is there from the beginning, but then
"a material thing" requires explanation. Dolsenhe regards the
physical world as a pile of mathematical equations and numbers, all considered
as mental qualities.. He thinks, that our perceptual system adds perceptual
qualia to the mathematical frame, like a sculptor attaches clay to a wire
frame (pp. 134, 223,). Based on idealist philosophy I have described material
objects as heuristic concepts useful for expressing observations within
a certain domain with some of their mutual relations (1). Though not identical
I think these two explanations are in quite good agreement.
The author proposes, that all there exists in nature are two fundamental
entities of consciousness, the "primal consciousness" and the
"nodink" and he undertakes to present an idealistic view of the
universe based on these two entities (pp. 100, 133).
The word nodink is an abbreviation of node + link. The node may be a concept
and the links may be between concepts. The basic property of nodink is its
capacity to possess consciousness. A nodink can access the conscious content
of another nodink, another person, the primal consciousness etc.
The supposed capacity of the fundamental entity nodink to access conscious
content of another person of course readily places parapsychological phenomena
such as telepathy within the authors paradigm. Indeed he regards telepathy
as a fundamental entity of nature (p. 359).
Dolsenhe states, that parapsychology is one of the most stigmatized subjects
in modern science, and he thinks, that in spite of rejection and ridicule
investigators have provided convincing evidence for the reality of these
phenomena. I concur with these views, but very lately more appreciative
and balanced attitudes to parapsychology have appeared. Thus there is now
a professor of parapsychology in the university of Lund, Sweden, and the
Journal of Consciousness Studies has published two special issues on parapsychological
subjects, edited in a balanced way ( Vol. 10, No. 6-7, 2003 and Vol.12,
No. 6, 2005).
The author regards primal consciousness as the consciousness that supplies
the property of awareness to individuals. No life can generate consciousness,
organisms can only access the primal consciousness. He thinks the primal
consciousness is a single, finite pool of resource of consciousness available
to all beings.
He also thinks, there is an intelligent being, who determines and calculates
every observed event in the universe and refers to this being as "metamind".
He thinks. the metamind splits into five branches, each with specific roles,
and that all the particles in the universe are not just created at one point
and then left alone to interact by themselves - instead the universe is
continuously created (pp. 136 - 139, 143). These views appear far-fetched
to me. However, they can be seen as a contribution to the current discussion
about a possible intelligent design of the universe.
The book presents a large material from psychology, physics, and biology
and discusses it in an interdisciplinary way. I regard this as an important
virtue of the book.
In the preface the author thanks Webb Harris for support in making a more
readable text. This cooperation has not been without result. Difficult subjects
are treated in an admirably understandable way, often by the use of comparisons
and metaphors. An example of this is shown here in paragraph 2 above, the
comparison with a sculptor.
For me the reading of this book has been an interestng and inspiring experience.
1. Randrup, A. 2005. Idealist Philosophy: What is Real? Conscious Experience
Seen as Basic to All Ontology.
August 17, 2006
Center for Interdisciplinary Psychiatic Research