On The Very Importance Of The Metaphoric As Semantic To Communication, Understanding, And The Philosophy Of Language

Matienzo, Mark A. (2001) On The Very Importance Of The Metaphoric As Semantic To Communication, Understanding, And The Philosophy Of Language. [Thesis]

Full text available as:



The focus of this thesis is a defense of metaphorical meaning. Since metaphor is such a fundamental aspect of language, my first emphasis is to find error in pragmatic theories of meaning. The first two chapters are where this occurs; in chapter one, we first investigate an account of intention and convention as developed by Grice, Lewis, and others, ultimately leading to our rejection of it. The second chapter is similar in structure, but rather investigates Searle’s account of regulative rules. The third chapter refutes those positions that reject the possibility of metaphorical meaning, i.e., that consider it a ‘pragmatic’ phenomenon (one that is determined by use rather than meaning). Tbat chapter also investigates the issue of language as context-independent, the possibility of a metaphor as paraphrasable, and the question of ‘dead metaphor.’ The fourth chapter, consequently, aims at presenting a positive account of metaphorical meaning. My claim is that not only does metaphor have meaning, but that all meaning is to some extent metaphorical. We will also determine why we use metaphor and what, in my view, a dead metaphor really is. The final chapter is designed to give a preliminary account of what a theory of understanding compatible with metaphor would look like and explores views outside of analytic philosophy.

Item Type:Thesis
Keywords:metaphor, philosophy of language, hermeneutics
Subjects:Philosophy > Philosophy of Language
Linguistics > Pragmatics
ID Code:5070
Deposited By:Matienzo, Mark A.
Deposited On:08 Sep 2006
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Avramides, Anita. Meaning and Mind: An Examination of a Gricean Account of Language. Cambridge, MA: Bradford-MIT P, 1989.

Avramides, Anita. ‘Intention and convention.’ A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, eds. Bob Hale and Crispin Wright. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997. 60-86.

Baker, G. P., and P. M. S. Hacker. Language, Sense, and Nonsense: A Critical Investigation into Modern Theories of Language. Oxford: Blackwell, 1984.

Bennett, Jonathan. Linguistic Behaviour. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1990.

Blackburn, Simon. Spreading the Word: Groundings in the Philosophy of Language. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984.

Bowie, Andrew. ‘The Meaning of the Hermeneutic Tradition in Philosophy.’ Verstehen and Human Understanding, ed. Anthony O’Hear. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 41. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1996. 121-144.

Cavell, Stanley. ‘The Availability of Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophy.’ Must We Mean What We Say? New York: Scribner’s, 1969. 44-72.

Cooper, David E. Metaphor. Aristotelian Society Series 5. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.

Cummings, E. E. Etcetera: The Unpublished Poems of E. E. Cummings. eds. George James Firmage and Richard S. Kennedy. New York: Liveright, 1983.

D’Amico, Robert. Contemporary Continental Philosophy. Dimensions of Philosophy Series. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1999.

Davidson, Donald. Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984.

Goodman, Nelson. ‘Metaphor as Moonlighting.’ On Metaphor, ed. Sheldon Sacks. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. 175-180.

Grice, Paul (H. P.). Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1989.

Hintikka, Jaakko. ‘The Intentions of Intentionality.’ Essays on Explanation and Understanding, eds. Juha Manninen and Raimo Tuomela. Synthese Library 72. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976. 79-109.

Hoy, David Couzens. The Critical Circle: Literature, History, and Philosophical Hermeneutics. Berkeley: U of California P, 1978.

Kittay, Eva Feder. Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure. Clarendon Library of Logic and Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon, 1987.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1980.

Lakoff, George,, and Mark Johnson. Philosophy in the Flesh: the Embodied Mind and its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic, 1999.

Loar, Brian. Mind and Meaning. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1981.

Levin, Samuel R. The Semantics of Metaphor. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1977.

Lewis, David K. Convention: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1969.

Lewis, David K. Philosophical Papers. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1983.

Mac Cormac, Earl R. A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor. Cambridge, MA: Bradford-MIT P, 1985.

McDowell, John. ‘Non-Cognitivism and Rule-Following.’ Wittgenstein: to Follow a Rule, eds. Steven H. Holtzman and Christopher M. Leich. International Library of Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1981. 141-162.

Menyuk, Paula. Language Development: Knowledge and Use. Glenview, IL: Scott, 1988.

Nogales, Patti D. Metaphorically Speaking. CSLI Lecture Notes 93. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 1999.

Ortony, Andrew, ed. Metaphor and Thought. Second edition. Cambridge, Eng. Cambridge UP, 1993.

Quine, W. V. ‘A Postscript on Metaphor.’ On Metaphor, ed. Sheldon Sacks. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. 159-160.

Ricoeur, Paul. ‘The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling.’ On Metaphor, ed. Sheldon Sacks. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. 141-158.

Rumelhart, David E. ‘Some Problems with the Notion of Literal Meanings.’ Metaphor and Thought, ed. Andrew Ortony. Second edition. Cambridge, Eng. Cambridge UP, 1993. 71-82.

Scheffler, Israel. In Praise of the Cognitive Emotions. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Schiffer, Stephen. Meaning. Oxford: Clarendon, 1972.

Schiffer, Stephen.. Remnants of Meaning. Cambridge, MA: Bradford-MIT P, 1987.

Searle, John R. ‘Indirect Speech Acts.’ The Philosophy of Language, ed. A. P. Martinich. Third edition. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. 168-182.

Searle, John R. ‘Metaphor.’ Metaphor and Thought, ed. Andrew Ortony. Second edition. Cambridge, Eng. Cambridge UP, 1993. 83-111.

Searle, John R. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1969.

Shellac of North America. ‘Squirrel Song.’ 1000 Hurts. LP. Touch and Go, TG211, 2000.

Strawson, P. F. ‘Intention and Convention in Speech Acts.’ Logico-Lingustic Papers. University Paperbacks 516. London: Methuen, 1971. 149-169.

Thomson, Garrett. ‘Understanding Understanding (2): From Science to Poetry.’ Forthcoming.

Turbayne, Colin Murray. The Myth of Metaphor. Columbia, SC: U of South Carolina P, 1970.

Wheelwright, Philip. Metaphor and Reality. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1962.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Investigations. Third edition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1953.

Zemach, Eddy M. The Reality of Meaning and the Meaning of ‘Reality’. Hanover, NH: Brown UP, 1992.


Repository Staff Only: item control page