Seeing words that are not there: Detection biases in schizotypy

Elias, Tsakanikos and Phil, Reed (2005) Seeing words that are not there: Detection biases in schizotypy. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Objective. The present studies introduced a novel word-detection paradigm to examine detection biases as a function of different schizotypy dimensions in a sample of undergraduate students. Method. The participants (N = 80) were asked to detect fast moving (8 frames/sec) words among simultaneously moving non-words. Results. Positive schizotypy was associated with a tendency to report words that never appeared in the trials. This effect was independent of task order, impulsivity and social desirability. None of the schizotypy measures was associated with correct words (detection accuracy). Conclusions. It is inferred that a bias to report events in the absence of corresponding events may constitute a cross-modal mechanism responsible for translating internally generated experiences into perceptual experiences.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:Cognitive biases; Delusions; False perceptual experiences; Hallucinations; Positive symptoms of schizophrenia; Schizotypy
Subjects:Neuroscience > Neuropsychology
Neuroscience > Neuropsychiatry
ID Code:4590
Deposited By:Tsakanikos, E.
Deposited On:12 Nov 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

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