Cogprints

TOWARDS THE ZERO ACCIDENT GOAL: ASSISTING THE FIRST OFFICER MONITOR AND CHALLENGE CAPTAIN ERRORS

Tarnow, Dr. Eugen (2000) TOWARDS THE ZERO ACCIDENT GOAL: ASSISTING THE FIRST OFFICER MONITOR AND CHALLENGE CAPTAIN ERRORS. [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
75Kb

Abstract

In this article the authority system in the airplane cockpit is related to thirty year old authority studies of Stanley Milgram. Human errors made in the cockpit are found similar to those made in the authority experiments. It is argued that up to 20% of all airplane accidents may be preventable by optimizing the monitoring and challenging of captain errors by the first officer.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:obedience, cockpit, airplane, pilot, flight engineer, obedience optimization
Subjects:Psychology > Social Psychology
ID Code:4566
Deposited By:Tarnow, Dr. Eugen
Deposited On:20 Oct 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Birnbach, R., & Longridge, T. (1993). The regulatory perspective. In E. Wiener, B. Kanki, & R. Helmreich (Eds.), Cockpit resource management. (pp. 263-281). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Bryant, A. (1994, Nov. 19). Chastened, T.W.A. tries again; business plan built on hope is revised. New York Times, p. 17N.

EDWARDS, E. (1975, October). "Stress and the Airline Pilot." Paper presented at British Airline Pilots Association Medical Symposium, London.

Ginnett, R. (1993). Crews as groups: Their formation and their leadership. In E. Wiener, B. Kanki, and R. Helmreich (Eds.), Cockpit resource management. (pp 71-98). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Helmreich, R., & Foushee, H. (1993). Why crew resource management? Empirical and theoretical bases of human factors training in aviation. In E. Wiener, B. Kanki, & R. Helmreich (Eds.), Cockpit resource management. (pp 3-45). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Merritt, A., & Helmreich, R. (1996). Human factors on the flight deck: The influence of national culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 27, 5-24.

Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper and Row.

National Transportation Safety Board (1994a). Controlled collision with terrain: Northwest Airlink Flight 5719, Hibbing, Minnesota, December 1, 1993. Washington, DC.

National Transportation Safety Board (1994b). A review of flightcrew-involved major accidents of U.S. air carriers, 1978 through 1990. Washington, DC.

Wiener,E., Kanki, B., & Helmreich, R. (1993). Cockpit resource management. San Diego: Academic Press, Inc.

Zimbardo, P. G. (1974). On “Obedience to Authority.” American Psychologist, 29, 566-567.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page