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Permanent atrial fibrillation ablation surgery in patients with advanced age

Geidel, Stephan and Lass, Michael and Ostermeyer, Jörg (2005) Permanent atrial fibrillation ablation surgery in patients with advanced age. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Background: Even if permanent atrial fibrillation (pAF) is a frequent concomitant problem in patients undergoing open heart surgery and particularly in those with advanced age, data of pAF ablation surgery in older aged patients are scarce. This study was performed to assess early and late results of combined open heart surgery and pAF ablation procedures in patients with advanced aged, compared to young patients. Material and Methods: A selective group of 126 patients (Group A: age ≥70 [76.4±4.8] years, n=70; Group B: age <70 [62.0±6.2] years: n=56) with pAF (≥6 months) underwent either monopolar (Group A, B: n=51 vs. n=44) or bipolar (Group A, B: n=19 vs. n=12) radiofrequency (RF) ablation procedures concomitant to open heart surgery. Regular follow-up was performed 3 to 36 months after surgery to assess survival, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and conversion rate to stable sinus rhythm (SR). Results: Early mortality (<30 days) was 2.9% in Group A (Group B: 0%), cumulative survival at long-term follow up was 0.78 vs. 0.98 (p=0.03) and NYHA-class improved significantly in both groups, particularly in cases with stable SR. At 12-months follow-up 73% of Group A patients were in stable SR (Group B 78%). Conclusions: Concomitant mono- and bipolar RF ablation surgery represents a safe option to cure pAF during open heart surgery with a very low risk, even in patients with advanced age.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:Atrial fibrillation; atrial fibrillation surgery; radiofrequency ablation; arrhythmia surgery; bipolar radiofrequency ablation.
Subjects:JOURNALS > Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
ID Code:4456
Deposited By:Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology, Journal
Deposited On:12 Nov 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

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