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Archives Ouvertes : quinze ans d'histoire

Bosc, H. (2005) Archives Ouvertes : quinze ans d'histoire. [Book Chapter]

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Abstract

L’idée et les bénéfices du libre accès aux publications scientifiques sont maintenant compris par un nombre croissant de chercheurs qui publient dans de nouvelles revues en libre accès, mais les possibilités offertes par les Archives Ouvertes qui pourraient donner un libre accès immédiat à la totalité des articles scientifiques, restent encore sous-utilisées. Ce chapitre expose les différentes tentatives faites pendant quinze ans pour généraliser la pratique de l’auto archivage née chez les physiciens et qui mettent leurs travaux en libre accès (auto-archivent), depuis 1991. Les bénéfices de l’auto-archivage et des archives ouvertes sont expliqués dans cet article. Toutefois, l’appropriation par les chercheurs et les institutions du processus d’auto-archivage se fait attendre. Les raisons en sont explicitées. Les dispositions prises par certaines institutions suite à la réunion de Berlin 3 à Southampton (UK) permettent de penser que la pratique de l’auto-archivage, va considérablement se généraliser en 2005. Le libre accès ainsi donné, permettra d’augmenter l’impact scientifique des recherches menées dans le monde. - - - - - - - - [Both the idea and the benefits of providing Open Access to scientific publications are now coming to be understood by a growing number of researchers who publish in new open access journals. However, the potential of the complementary strategy of self-archiving in Open Archives -- which could provide immediate open access to all scientific articles -- remains still under-utilized. This chapter describes the various attempts in the last fifteen years to generalize the self-archiving practice first adopted by physicists, who have been providing open access to their work since 1991. The benefit of self-archiving and open archives are explained . The adoption of the practice of self-archiving by researchers and their institutions is still too slow. The reasons for this delay are discussed. The official policies adopted by various institutions following the Berlin 3 meeting in Southampton (U.K.) now makes more likely that the practice of self-archiving will spread considerably in 2005. The open access thereby provided will increase the scientific impact of research worldwide.]

Item Type:Book Chapter
Keywords:open archives, history,
Subjects:Electronic Publishing > Archives
ID Code:4408
Deposited By:Bosc, H.
Deposited On:21 Jun 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

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