Cogprints

A Comparison of Alcohol Abusers who have and have not Experienced Blackouts

O'Mahony, Dr John F (2004) A Comparison of Alcohol Abusers who have and have not Experienced Blackouts. [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
118Kb

Abstract

This study examined the proposition that the experience of alcoholic blackouts is related to other indices of cerebral involvement in the alcoholic process. In particular it was suggested that those who experience alcoholic blackouts would also show signs of the effects of alcoholic damage in the form of lower scores on cognitive functions vulnerable to the effects of long-term alcohol abuse. While some evidence was found linking the experience of blackout to severity of the alcohol problem no relationship was found between cognitive functioning and the experience of blackout. The possibility that different mechanisms may underlie the various cognitive sequelae of alcohol abuse is raised.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:Alcoholic Blackout, Alcohol Abuse, Cognitive Impairment
Subjects:Psychology > Clinical Psychology
ID Code:4388
Deposited By:O'Mahony, Dr John F
Deposited On:19 Jun 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1 Lishman WA: Organic Psychiatry ed 3. Oxford, Blackwell, 1997.

2 Goodwin DW, Crane JB, Guze SB: Alcoholic “blackouts”: A review and clinical study of 100 alcoholics. Am J Psychiatry 1969; 126:191-198.

3 Goodwin DW: Two species of alcoholic “blackout”. Am J Psychiatry 1971; 127:1165-1670.

4 Zucker DK, Austin FM, Branchey L: Variables associated with alcoholic blackouts in men. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1985;11: 295-302.

5 Anthenelli RM, Klein JL, Tsuang JW, Smith TL, Schuckit MA: The prognostic importance of blackouts among young men. J Stud Alcohol 1994;55:290-295.

6 Jennison KM, Johnson KA: Drinking-induced blackouts among young adults: Results from a national longitudinal study. Int J Addict 1994;29: 23-51.

7 Buelow G, Koeppel J: Psychological consequences of alcohol induced blackout among college students. J Alcohol Drug Educ 1995;40:10-20

8 Tarter, RE, Schneider DU: Blackouts: Relationship with memory capacity and alcoholism history. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1976;33:1492-1496.

9 Poilolainen K: Blackouts increase with age, social class and the frequency of intoxication. Acta Neurol Scand 1982;66:555-560.

10 Campbell WG, Hodgins DC: Alcohol-related blackouts in a medical practice. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1993;19:369-376.

11 Rybach RS: Alcoholic amnesia: Observations on seven drinking inpatient alcoholics. Q J Stud Alcohol 1970;31:616-632.

12 Chelune GJ, Parker JB: Neuropsychological deficits associated with chronic alcohol abuse. Clin Psychol Rev 1981;1:181-195

13 Wechsler D: A standardised scale for clinical use. J Psychol 1945;19: 87-95.

14 Edwards G, Arif A, Hodgson R: Nomenclature and classification of drug and alcohol-related problems. Br J Addict 1982;77:3-20.

15 Central Statistics Office: Classification of Occupations. Dublin, Author, 1986.

16 Parsons OA, Farr SP: The neuropsychology of alcohol and drug use; In Filskov S, Boll TS (eds): Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology. New York, Wiley, 1981, pp 320-365.

17 Lezak MD: Neuropsychological Assessment, ed 3. New York, Oxford University Press, 1995.

18 Russell EW: A multiple scoring method for the assessment of complex memory functions. J Consult Clin Psychol 1975;43:800-809.

19 Schwartz, MS, Ivnik RJ: Wechsler Memory Scale I: Toward a more objective and systematic scoring system for the logical memory and visual reproduction subtests. Paper presented at American Psychological Association meeting. 1980 September; Montreal, Canada.

20 Wechsler D: Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. New York, Psychological Corporation, 1955.

21 Wechsler D: Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Revised. New York, Psychological Corporation, 1981.

22 Abikoff H, Alvir J, Hong G, Sukoff R,Orazio J, Soloman S, Saravay J: Logical memory subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale: Age and education norms and alternate-form reliability of two scoring systems. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 1987;9:435-448.

23 Russell EW: Renorming Russell’s version of the Wechsler Memory Scale. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 1988;10:235-249.

24 Davies AD: The influence of age on Trail Making Test performance. J Clin Psychol 1968;24:96-98.

25 Lishman WA: Alcohol and the brain. Br J Psychiat 1990; 156: 635-644.

26 Givens B, Williams JM, Gill TM: Septohippocampal pathway as a site for the memory-impairing effects of ethanol. Hippocampus 2000;10:111-121.

27 White AM,Matthews DB, Best PJ: Ethanol, memory and hippocampal function: a review of recent findings. Hippocampus 2000;10:88-93.

28 Ellis RJ, Oscar-Berman M: Alcoholism, ageing and functional cerebral asymmetries. Psychol Bull 1989;106:128-147.

29 Kril JL, Halliday GM Brain shrinkage in alcoholics: A decade on and what we have learned. Prog Neurobiol 1999;58:381-387.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page