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UNDERSTANDING PREPOSITIONS THROUGH COGNITIVE GRAMMAR. A CASE OF IN

Turewicz, prof. Kamila (2004) UNDERSTANDING PREPOSITIONS THROUGH COGNITIVE GRAMMAR. A CASE OF IN. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Poly - semantic nature of prepositions has been discussed in linguistic literature and confirmed by language data. In the majority of research within cognitive linguistics prepositions have been approached as predicates organising entities in space, with less attention paid to the search for a meaning schema sanctioning the numerous uses. Cognitive Grammar analytic tools allow for the analysis which results in discovering one meaning schema sanctioning the uses of the English preposition in. The present analysis is based on the assumption that the meaning schema of in profiles a relation of conceptual enclosure between two symbolic structures, one of which conceptually fits in the other. Accordingly, I argue that the speaker employs in to structure a real scene not because one element of the scene can physically enclose the other one, but due to conceptual ‘fitting in’ holding between the predication ‘preceding’ the preposition and the one that ‘follows’. In formal terms, the usage of in is conditioned and sanctioned by compatibility of active zones in the predications used to form the complex language expression involved. Peculiarities of physical organization may be ignored in such conceptualisation, though the speaker can choose to encode all peculiarities of physical organisation of real world objects employing different linguistic devices.

Item Type:Preprint
Additional Information:TO APPEAR IN TUREWICZ, K. (2005)COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS -- A USER FRIENDLY APPROACH. SZCZECIN: SZCZECIN UNIVERSITY PRESS
Keywords:English prepositions, cognitive semantics,cognitive grammar, semantics of IN,
Subjects:Linguistics > Semantics
ID Code:4384
Deposited By:Turewicz, prof. Kamila
Deposited On:06 Jun 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

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Dirven, R. (1993). Dividing up physical and mental space into conceptual categories by means of English prepositions. In Zelinski-Wibelt, C. (ed.)

Gussman, E., Kardela, H. (1994). Focus on Language. Lublin: Maria Curie - Skłodowska University Press.

Herskovits, A. (1989). The linguistic expression of spatial knowledge. Duisburg: Linguistic Agency of the University of Duisburg..

Langacker, R. W. (1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 1 Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Sanford University Press.

Langacker, R. W. (1991). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol II Descriptive Applications. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Langacker, R. W. (1993). Reference-point constructions. Cognitive Linguistics 4.

Langacker, R. W. (1995b). Conceptual grouping and constituency in Cognitive Grammar. In Linguistics in the Morning Calm 3. Linguistic Society of Korea Seoul: Hanshin.

Turewicz, K. (1994). English IN and ON; Polish W and NA. A Cognitive Grammar perspective. In Gussman, E., Kardela, H. (eds) Focus on Language. Lublin: Maria Curie -Skłodowska University Press.

Turewicz, K. (2000). Applicability of Cognitive Grammar as a Foundation of

Pedagogical/Reference Grammar Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.

Zelinski-Wibelt, C. (ed.) (1993). The Semantics of Prepositions: From Mental Processing to Natural Language Processig. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Dirven, R. (1993). Dividing up physical and mental space into conceptual categories by means of English prepositions. In Zelinski-Wibelt, C. (ed.)

Gussman, E., Kardela, H. (1994). Focus on Language. Lublin: Maria Curie - Skłodowska University Press.

Herskovits, A. (1989). The linguistic expression of spatial knowledge. Duisburg: Linguistic Agency of the University of Duisburg..

Langacker, R. W. (1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 1 Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Sanford University Press.

Langacker, R. W. (1991). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol II Descriptive Applications. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Langacker, R. W. (1993). Reference-point constructions. Cognitive Linguistics 4.

Langacker, R. W. (1995b). Conceptual grouping and constituency in Cognitive Grammar. In Linguistics in the Morning Calm 3. Linguistic Society of Korea Seoul: Hanshin.

Turewicz, K. (1994). English IN and ON; Polish W and NA. A Cognitive Grammar perspective. In Gussman, E., Kardela, H. (eds) Focus on Language. Lublin: Maria Curie -Skłodowska University Press.

Turewicz, K. (2000). Applicability of Cognitive Grammar as a Foundation of

Pedagogical/Reference Grammar Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.

Zelinski-Wibelt, C. (ed.) (1993). The Semantics of Prepositions: From Mental Processing to Natural Language Processig. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

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