Cogprints

Agents with Exact Foreknowledge

Doran, Prof J E (2003) Agents with Exact Foreknowledge. [Book Chapter] (In Press)

Full text available as:

[img]Postscript

Abstract

Computational experiments are reported involving the concept of foreknowledge, an agent’s direct, unmediated and accurate, but possibly incomplete, awareness of its future including states and events involving the agent itself. Foreknowledge is used here as a conceptual tool with which to explore certain issues around time and rationality. We first explain how foreknowledge in this sense may be given to the agents in an agent society on a computer. The generation of a world history is viewed as a process of solving a constraint satisfaction problem. Then we seek to understand the circumstances in which foreknowledge may be either beneficial or detrimental to a society of rational agents. A special case is when agents have foreknowledge of their own “deaths”. An experimental interpretation of this special case has been implemented, and results are presented and discussed. Finally, the work reported is briefly discussed in the context of current theories of time.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Keywords:foreknowledge agents time rationality
Subjects:Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
ID Code:3974
Deposited By:Doran, Professor Jim
Deposited On:03 Dec 2004
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

References

1. Doran, J.: Foreknowledge in Artificial Societies. In: Conte, R., Hegselmann, R., Terna, P. (eds.): Simulating Social Phenomena. LNEMS 456. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1997) 457-469

2. Doran, J. E.: Simulating Collective Misbelief. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Vol. 1(1) <http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/JASSS/1/1/3.html> (1998)

3. Fisher, M.: A Survey of Concurrent METATEM: the Language and its Applications. In: Gabbay, D. M., Ohlbach, H. J. (eds.): Temporal Logic. LNAI 827, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1994) 480-505

4. Horwich, P.: Closed Causal Chains. In: Savitt(1995)

5. Knight, B., Ma, J.: Time Representation: a Taxonomy of Temporal Models. Artificial Intelligence Review 7 (6) (1994) 401-419

6. Le Poidevin, R., MacBeath, M. (eds.): The Philosophy of Time. Oxford Readings in Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1993)

7. McDermott, D. V.: A Temporal Logic for Reasoning about Processes and Plans. Cog. Sci. 6: (1982) 101-155

8. Newton-Smith, W. H.: The Structure of Time. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1980)

9. O’Sullivan, S. (ed. & trans.): Folktales of Ireland. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1966)

10. Savitt, S. F. (ed.): Time’s Arrows Today. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England (1995)

11. Schlesinger, G. N.: Aspects of Time. Hackett Publishing Company, Indianapolis (1980)

12. Tsang, E.: Foundations of Constraint Satisfaction. Academic Press, London (1993)

13. Wooldridge, M.: Time, Knowledge and Choice (preliminary report) In: Wooldridge, M., Muller, J., Tambe, M. (eds.): Intelligent Agents II: Agent Theories, Architectures, and Languages. LNAI 1037. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1996)

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page