Cogprints

Comparative Study Of HIV Associated Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Chest Clinics From Two Regions Of Edo State, Nigeria

Gilbert Obiora, Nwobu and Marcellinus Aigbokhan, Okodua and Mirabeau Youtchou, Tatfeng (2004) Comparative Study Of HIV Associated Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Chest Clinics From Two Regions Of Edo State, Nigeria. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
149Kb

Abstract

A comparative study of HIV associated pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV-PTB) was carried out in Chest Clinics situated in Benin and Irrua environs of Edo State, Nigeria, using microscopical and serological methods. In Irrua environs, HIV-PTB co-infection is higher in females (12.5%) than in males (9.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, HIV-PTB is also higher in females (11.3%) than in males (7.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, PTB is statistically high among <20 years and 21–30 years old subjects (50% and 28.7% respectively, P < 0.05), while HIV is statistically high among age group 31–40 years and 41.50 years (23.5% and 27.9% respectively, P < 0.05). HIV-PTB co-infection is also statistically high among drivers and traders (13.8% and 12.6% respectively, P < 0.05) in Benin. Generally, there is no significant difference in the prevalence of HIV, PTB and HIV-PTB infection rate in the two regions when sex and occupation of the subjects are considered (P > 0.05). However, subjects of > 60 years old have a significantly higher PTB disease in Benin than their counterpart in Irrua (28.6% and 0% respectively, P < 0.05)

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:HIV, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Edo State
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:3900
Deposited By:Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:22 Oct 2004
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Stylblo K. The global aspects of tuberculosis and HIV infection. Bull. Int. Union Tuberc. Lung Dis. 1990; 65:28-32.

2. Grange JM. Tuberculosis. In: Topley and Wilson’s Micropbiology and Microbial Infections. 9th edition, Vol. 3. Hausler, WJ. Jr. and Sussman, M. (ed.). Oxford University Press, 1980; pp. 391–417.

3. International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) Tuberculosis and HIV. In: Management of Tuberculosis, a guide for low income Countries. Fifth edition. 2000.

4. Escott S, Nsuteby E, Walley J, Khan A. Management of TB in countries with high HIV prevalence. African Health. 2001;23(3):12-15.

5. DeCock KM, Sero B, Coulibaly IM, Lucas, SB. Tuberculosis and HIV infection is Sub-Sahara Africa. JAMA. 1992; 278: 1581-1587.

6. Nunn P. Impact of interaction with HIV. In: Porter JDH. and McAdam KPWJ. (eds.) Tuberculosis: Back to the Future. Wiley, Chichester, 1994; pp. 49–52.

7. Festenstein F, Grange JM. Tuberculosis and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. J Appl.Bacteriol. 1991;71:19-30.

8. Osborn L., Kunkel S, Nabel GJ. Tumor necrosis factor and interleukin stimulate the human immunodeficiency virus enhancer by activation of the nuclear factor Kappa B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 1989;86:2230–2240.

9. Onwuballi JK, Edwards AJ, Palmer L. T4 lymphopenia in human tuberculosis. Tubercle. 1987;68: 195–200.

10. Horne N. Tuberculosis and other mycobacterium diseases. In: Mandell G, Douglas R, Bennett J. (ed.) Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases 3rd edition. New York. Churchill Livingstone, 1996; pp. 971–1015.

11. Shafer RW. Tuberculosis. In: Broder S, Merigan TC Jr. and Bolognesi D (eds.). Textbook of AIDS Medicine. Williams and Wilkins (Publisher). 1994; pp. 259–282.

12. Barker DPJ. Populations and Samples. In: Baker DPJ. (ed.) Practical Epidemiology. Second edition, Churchill Livingstone, 1980; pp. 30-34.

13. International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUTLD) Technical Guide for Sputum examination for tuberculosis by direct microscopy suppl. 2 IUATLD. Paris. 1986.

14. World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Programme on AIDS-Recommendation for the selection and use of HIV antibody tests. Weekly Epidemiol. Rec. 1992;20:145-149.

15. McSweeney L. The Nature of HIV Spread. In: McSweeney L. (ed.): Changing Behaviour. A Challenge to Love, 2nd edition, Ambassador Publications, 2001; pp. 42 – 52.

16. Piot P. HIV/AIDS with an emphasis on Africa. In: Cook G. (ed.) Manson’s Tropical Diseases. Twentieth edition, ELBS. 1996; pp. 305-322.

17. Idigbe EO, Nasidi A, Anyiwo CE, Onubogu C, Alabi S, Okoye R, Ugwu O, John EK. Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Antibodies in Tuberculosis in Lagos, Nigeria. J Trop. Med. Hyg. 1994; 97(2) 91–97.

18. Onipede, AO, Idigbe O, Ako-Nai AK, Omojola O, Oyelese AO, Aboderin AO, Akinosho, Komolafe AO, Wemambu SN. Sero-prevalence of HIV antibodies in tuberculosis patients in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. East Afr. Med. J. 1999; 76 (3): 127-132.

19. Okogun GRA, Okodua M, Tatfeng YM, Nwobu GO, Isibor JO, Dare NW. Health Point Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) Associated Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Western Nigeria. Int. J. Expt. Hlth & Human Devpt. 2002;3(2):49–53.

20. Brudney K, Dobkin J. Resurgent tuberculosis in New York City. Human Immunodeficiency Virus, homelessness and the decline of tuberculosis control programmes. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis 1991;144:745–749.

21. Shafer RW, Chirgwin KD, Glatt AE, Dahdouh MA, Landesman SH, Suster B. HIV Prevalence, immuno-suppression and drug resistance in patients with tuberculosis in an area endemic for AIDS. AIDS 1991 5: 399 – 405.

22. Heckbert SR, Elarth A, Nolan CM. The Impact of human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in young men in Seattle – King Country, Washington. Chest 1992;102:433–437.

23. Barnes PF, Bloch AB, Davidson PT, Snider DE. Tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N. Engl. J. Med. 1991;324:1644-1650.

24. Chretien J. Tuberculosis and HIV. The Cursed Duet. Bull. Int. Union Tuberc. Lung Dis. 1990;65(1):25–28.

25. Dolin PJ, Raviglione MC, Kochi A. Global tuberculosis incidence and mortality during 1990 – 2000. Bull. WHO 1994;72:213–220.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page