Self-awareness review Part 1: Do you “self-reflect” or “self-ruminate”?

Morin, Alain (2002) Self-awareness review Part 1: Do you “self-reflect” or “self-ruminate”? [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

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We all spend time analyzing our inner thoughts and feelings; past research looked at this activity as being unitary in nature (i.e., simply focusing on the self), examined how frequently people introspect, and identified the effects of self-focus on behavior. Current studies indicate that people actually engage in two different types of self-analysis: self-reflection (enjoying analyzing the self) and self-rumination (not being able to shut off thoughts about the self), each leading to opposite consequences.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:self-consciousness, self-rumination/reflection, positive and negative consequences
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:3788
Deposited On:03 Sep 2004
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

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Assessment and theory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 36, 1241-1250.

Joireman, J.A., Parrott, L., & Hammersla, J. (2002). Empathy and the self-absorption paradox:

Support for the distinction between self-rumination and self-reflection. Self and Identity, 1, 53-


Trapnell, P.D., & Campbell, J.D. (1999). Private self-consciousness and the Five-Factor Model

of personality: Distinguishing rumination from reflection. Journal of Personality and Social

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