Cogprints

Sharedness as an innate basis for communication in the infant

Bosco, Francesca M. and Tirassa, Maurizio (1998) Sharedness as an innate basis for communication in the infant. [Conference Paper]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
30Kb

Abstract

From a cognitive perspective, intentional communication may be viewed as an agent's activity overtly aimed at modifying a partner's mental states. According to standard Gricean definitions, this requires each party to be able to ascribe mental states to the other, i.e., to entertain a so-called theory of mind. According to the relevant experimental literature, however, such capability does not appear before the third or fourth birthday; it would follow that children under that age should not be viewed as communicating agents. In order to solve the resulting dilemma, we propose that certain specific components of an agent's cognitive architecture (namely, a peculiar version of sharedness and communicative intention), are necessary and sufficient to explain infant communication in a mentalist framework. We also argue that these components are innate in the human species.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:Mindreading; Communication; Nativism; Development; Shared mental states; Agency
Subjects:Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:3559
Deposited By:Tirassa, Prof. Maurizio
Deposited On:14 Apr 2004
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Airenti, G. (in press) Dialogue in a developmental perspective. In: Proceedings of the 6th Congress of the International Association for Dialogue Analysis, 1996. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Airenti, G., Bara, B.G., Colombetti, M. (1993) Conversation and behavior games in the pragmatics of dialogue. Cognitive Science 17: 197-256.

Allen, J.F., Perrault, C.R. (1980) Analyzing intention in utterances. Artificial Intelligence 15: 143-178.

Austin, J.L. (1962) How to do things with words. London: Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. revised by J.O. Ormson & M. Sbisà, 1975.

Baron-Cohen, S. (1995) Mindblindness. An essay on autism and Theory of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Clark, H.H. (1992) Arenas of language use. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Clark, H.H. (1996) Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Clements, W.A., Perner, J. (1994) Implicit understanding of belief. Cognitive Development 9: 377-395.

Cohen, P.R., Morgan, J., Pollack, M.E., eds. (1990) Intentions in communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Cohen, P.R., Perrault, C.R. (1979) Elements of a plan-based theory of speech acts. Cognitive Science 3: 177-212.

Colombetti, M. (1993) Formal semantics for mutual belief. Artificial Intelligence 62: 341-353.

Colombetti, M. (1998) A modal logic of intentional communication. Mathematical Social Sciences, in press.

Grice, H.P. (1957) Meaning. The Philosophical Review 67: 377–388

Grice, H.P. (1989) Studies in the way of words. Cambridge, MA, and London: Harvard University Press.

Leslie, A.M. (1994) ToMM, ToBy, and Agency: core architecture and domain specificity. In: Mapping the mind. Domain specificity in cognition and culture, eds. L.A. Hirschfeld & S.A. Gelman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Perner, J. (1991) Understanding the represent ational mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Premack, D. (1990) The infant's theory of self-propelled objects. Cognition 36: 1-16.

Premack, D., Woodruff, G. (1978) Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1: 515-526.

Schiffer, S.R. (1972) Meaning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Searle, J.R. (1969) Speech acts: an essay in the philosophy of language. London: Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J.R. (1979) Expression and meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J.R. (1992) The rediscovery of the mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sperber, D., Wilson, D. (1986) Relevance. Communication and cognition. Oxford: Blackwell. 2nd ed. 1995.

Strawson, P.F. (1964) Intention and convention in speech acts. The Philosophical Revi e w 73: 439-460.

Tirassa, M. (1997) Mental states in communication. Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Cognitive Science, Manchester, UK.

Tirassa, M. (in preparation) Cognitive pragmatics and the architecture of the mind.

Turing, A.M. (1950) Co mputing machinery and intelligence. Mind 59: 433-460.

Watson J.B. 1913. Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review 20: 158-177.

ls

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page