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Logical connectives, relationships and relevance

Gutt, Dr Ernst-August (1999) Logical connectives, relationships and relevance. [Book Chapter]

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Abstract

This paper was written in the context of a workshop (held in 1989) on logical connectives in discourse. It addresses difficulties that arise from attempts at analysing logical connectives by assigning logical relations to them, taken from a typological listing. As the workshop itself showed, such attempts typically face the problem of on the one hand needing to be broad enough to cover all the instances of relations found in texts and on the other hand needing to be specific enough to differentiate types of relationships from each other. Applying the relevance-theoretic framework proposed by Sperber and Wilson, this paper argued that the root of the problem is that (logical) connectivity in discourse is not created by a fixed set of interpropositional or rhetorical relations, but by the search for relevance, through the inferential interaction between a given utterance and its context. This explains the virtually unlimited variety of relations that can and do arise in texts, without reliance on any defined set of relations. After a brief introduction to the relevance-theoretical framework, the paper applies it to the analysis of the connective –m in Silt’i, an Ethio-Semitic language. It attempts to show how the variety of relations associated with this connective can be explained in terms of the interaction of a simple semantic property with different pieces of contextual information, accessed in the search for relevance. The paper then proposes and illustrates three methods of testing the validity of such relevance-theoretic analyses of connectivity, two of which can be carried out experimentally.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Keywords:relevance theory, inference, logical connective, implicature, pragmatic connective
Subjects:Linguistics > Semantics
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Linguistics > Pragmatics
Linguistics > Syntax
ID Code:3112
Deposited By:Gutt, Ernst-August
Deposited On:16 Aug 2003
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

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Gutt, Ernst-August 1988 'Toward an analysis of pragmatic connectives in Silt'i' in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa 26-30 November 1984, ELM Publications, Huntingdon vol. 1, pp. 665-678

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