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Imitation, mirror neurons and autism

Williams, Justin H.G. and Whiten, Andrew and Suddendorf, Thomas and Perrett, David I. (2001) Imitation, mirror neurons and autism. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Various deficits in the cognitive functioning of people with autism have been documented in recent years but these provide only partial explanations for the condition. We focus instead on an imitative disturbance involving difficulties both in copying actions and in inhibiting more stereotyped mimicking, such as echolalia. A candidate for the neural basis of this disturbance may be found in a recently discovered class of neurons in frontal cortex, 'mirror neurons' (MNs). These neurons show activity in relation both to specific actions performed by self and matching actions performed by others, providing a potential bridge between minds. MN systems exist in primates without imitative and ‘theory of mind’ abilities and we suggest that in order for them to have become utilized to perform social cognitive functions, sophisticated cortical neuronal systems have evolved in which MNs function as key elements. Early developmental failures of MN systems are likely to result in a consequent cascade of developmental impairments characterised by the clinical syndrome of autism.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:imitation, mirror neurons, autism, theory of mind
Subjects:Neuroscience > Neuropsychology
Neuroscience > Neuropsychiatry
Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Biology > Animal Cognition
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy > Philosophy of Mind
Psychology > Evolutionary Psychology
ID Code:2613
Deposited By:Suddendorf, Thomas
Deposited On:19 Nov 2002
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

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