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Thumbs up or thumbs down? Semantic orientation applied to unsupervised classification of reviews

Turney, Peter D. (2002) Thumbs up or thumbs down? Semantic orientation applied to unsupervised classification of reviews. [Conference Paper]

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Abstract

This paper presents a simple unsupervised learning algorithm for classifying reviews as recommended (thumbs up) or not recommended (thumbs down). The classification of a review is predicted by the average semantic orientation of the phrases in the review that contain adjectives or adverbs. A phrase has a positive semantic orientation when it has good associations (e.g., "subtle nuances") and a negative semantic orientation when it has bad associations (e.g., "very cavalier"). In this paper, the semantic orientation of a phrase is calculated as the mutual information between the given phrase and the word "excellent" minus the mutual information between the given phrase and the word "poor". A review is classified as recommended if the average semantic orientation of its phrases is positive. The algorithm achieves an average accuracy of 74% when evaluated on 410 reviews from Epinions, sampled from four different domains (reviews of automobiles, banks, movies, and travel destinations). The accuracy ranges from 84% for automobile reviews to 66% for movie reviews.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Subjects:Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science > Language
Computer Science > Machine Learning
Computer Science > Statistical Models
ID Code:2321
Deposited By:Turney, Peter
Deposited On:15 Jul 2002
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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