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Anticipatory Semantic Processes

Lavigne, Frédéric and Lavigne, Pascal (2000) Anticipatory Semantic Processes. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Why anticipatory processes correspond to cognitive abilities of living systems? To be adapted to an environment, behaviors need at least i) internal representations of events occurring in the external environment; and ii) internal anticipations of possible events to occur in the external environment. Interactions of these two opposite but complementary cognitive properties lead to various patterns of experimental data on semantic processing. How to investigate dynamic semantic processes? Experimental studies in cognitive psychology offer several interests such as: i) the control of the semantic environment such as words embedded in sentences; ii) the methodological tools allowing the observation of anticipations and adapted oculomotor behavior during reading; and iii) the analyze of different anticipatory processes within the theoretical framework of semantic processing. What are the different types of semantic anticipations? Experimental data show that semantic anticipatory processes involve i) the coding in memory of sequences of words occurring in textual environments; ii) the anticipation of possible future words from currently perceived words; and iii) the selection of anticipated words as a function of the sequences of perceived words, achieved by anticipatory activations and inhibitory selection processes. How to modelize anticipatory semantic processes? Localist or distributed neural networks models can account for some types of semantic processes, anticipatory or not. Attractor neural networks coding temporal sequences are presented as good candidate for modeling anticipatory semantic processes, according to specific properties of the human brain such as i) auto-associative memory; ii) learning and memorization of sequences of patterns; and iii) anticipation of memorized patterns from previously perceived patterns.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:semantic processing - neural networks - context effects - reading -
Subjects:Psychology > Behavioral Analysis
Neuroscience > Behavioral Neuroscience
Biology > Animal Cognition
Biology > Behavioral Biology
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Computer Science > Language
Computer Science > Dynamical Systems
Computer Science > Neural Nets
Psychology > Evolutionary Psychology
Linguistics > Pragmatics
Linguistics > Semantics
Neuroscience > Neural Modelling
Psychology > Psycholinguistics
ID Code:2248
Deposited By:Lavigne, Frédéric
Deposited On:10 Jun 2002
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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