Cogprints

How Dreams And Memory May Be Related

Tarnow, Dr. Eugen (2003) How Dreams And Memory May Be Related. [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
89Kb

Abstract

I present a theory of dreams and long term memory structure that proposes that both entities are closely related. It is based on a variation of Freud's dream theory: (1) I re-label Freud's "Unconscious" the “Long Term Memory Structure” (LTMS), (2) I propose that dreams are ever present excitational responses to perturbations of perceptions and thought, during waking life as well as sleep, which only become conscious when the executive function of waking life ceases, and (3) I reinterpret Freud’s “Dream Work” as describing the pre-dream Storage Transformation of perceptions and thought into the LTMS. I make one further conjecture: Memories are stored in the LTMS according to what is already in the LTMS. The observables of Freud's theory remain the same. The new theory is also consistent with recent experimental findings and suggests a partial basis for personality: the selection process of the Storage Transformation.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:dreams, memory, unconscious, dream work, censor, freud, long term memory store, consciousness
Subjects:Neuroscience > Neuropsychology
Neuroscience > Neural Modelling
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:2068
Deposited By:Tarnow, Dr. Eugen
Deposited On:02 May 2005
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Breger, L. (1967). "Function of Dreams." Journal of Abnormal Psychology Monograph 72, p. 1-28.

Cicogna, Piercarla; Cavallero, Corrado; Bosinelli, Marino. (1986). "Differential access to memory traces in the production of mental experience." International Journal of Psychophysiology, v4(n3):209-216.

Coon, D. (1991). Essentials of Psychology. St. Paul: Ist Publishing Company.

Ebbinghaus, H.E.. (1964 (orig. 1885)). Memory: A contribution to experimental psychology. New York: Dover.

Feinberg, I., March, J.D. (1995). "Observations On Delta Homeostasis, The One-Stimulus Model Of NREM-REM Alternation And The Neurobiologic Implications Of Experimental Dream Studies." Behavioural Brain Research, v69 pp97-108.

Foulkes, D., and Fliesher, S. (1975). "Mental Activity in Relaxed Wakefulness. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 84, p. 66-75.

Foulkes, D. (1993). Data constraints on theorizing about dream function. In The functions of dreaming. Ed. By A. Moffitt, M. Kramer, R. Hoffmann. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. P. 11-20.

Freud, S. (1900). The Interpretation of Dreams. Ed. in 1965. Avon Books: New York, N.Y.

Harlow, J. and Roll, S. (1992). “Frequency of day residue in dreams of young adults.” Percept Mot Skills 74(3 Pt 1):832-4.

Kahan, T.L. (1994). “Measuring dream self-reflectiveness: a comparison of two approaches” Dreaming 4(3): 177-193.

Kahan, T.L. and LaBerge, S. (1996). “Cognition and metacognition in dreaming and waking: comoparisons of first and third-person ratings”, Dreaming 6(4): 235-249.

Kahan, T.L., Laberge, S., Levitan, L. Zimbardo, P. (1997). “Similarities and differences between dreaming and waking cognition: an exploratory study.” Consciousness and Cognition 6(1). 132-47.

Kohler, T., Borchers, H. (1996). “Experimental psychological evaluation of Freud's dream theory,” Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie 46(12):419-22.

Leichtman, Michelle D.; Ceci, Stephen J.; Ornstein, Peter A. (1992). "The influence of affect on memory: Mechanism and development." IN: The handbook of emotion and memory: Research and theory. Sven-Ake Christianson, Ed; et al. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc, Hillsdale, NJ; p. 181-199.

Loftus, E. and Loftus, G (1980). “On the Permanence of stored information in the human brain.” Amer. Psychologist 35(5): 409-420.

Mazzoni, G., Loftus, E. (1994). "When Dreams Become Reality." Consciousness & Cognition, v5(4), pp. 442-462.

Neath, Ian (1998). Human Memory: An Introduction to Research, Data, and Theory. Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Neely, J.H. (1991). “Semantic priming effects in visual word recognition: a selective review of current findings and theories." In Besner, D. & Humphreys, G.W. (eds). Basic Processes in Reading: Visual Word Recognition, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 264-336.

Penfield, W. and Rasmussen, T. (1950). The Cerebral Cortex of Man. New York: Hafner Publishing Company.

Pressley, Michael. (1982). “Elaboration and memory development.” Child Development, Apr, v53 (n2):296-309.

Rittenhouse, Cynthia D.; Stickgold, Robert; Hobson, J. Allan. (1994). “Constraint on the transformation of characters, objects, and settings in dream reports.” Consciousness & Cognition: An International Journal, Mar, v3 (n1):100-113.

Rosenlicht, N., Maloney, T. Feinberg, I. (1994). "Dream Report Length Is More Dependent On Arousal Level Than Prior REM Duration." Brain Research Bulletin, v32 (n2) pp. 99-101.

Rubin, D.C., Hinton, S., Wenzel, A. (1999) "The Precise Time Course of Retention," Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 25, 1161-1176.

Schredl, M., Lossnitzer, T., and Vetter, S. (1998). “Is the ratio of male and female dream characters related to the waking-life pattern of social contacts?” Perceptual and Motor Skills 87(2) 513-4.

Schredl, M., Morlock, M., Bozzer, A. (1996). “Childhood memories and adult dreams.”

Zeitschrift fur Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychoanalyse;42(1):25-33.

Solms, Mark. (1999) "Towards an integration of psychoanalysis and the neurosciences: Part 2: Syndromanalysis of psychic functions. Zur Integration von Psychoanalyse und Neurowissenschaften: Teil 2: Die Syndromanalyse..." Forum der Psychoanalyse: Zeitschrift fuer Klinische Theorie & Praxis,

v15 (n1):58-70.

Solms, Mark. (1997a) "What is consciousness?" Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, v45 (n3):681-703.

Solms, Mark. (1995) "New findings on the neurological organization of dreaming: Implications for psychoanalysis." Psychoanalytic Quarterly, v64 (n1):43-67.

Solms, Mark. (1997b) "The neuropsychology of dreams: A clinico-anatomical study." Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers, Mahwah, NJ, USA.

Squire, L.R., Cohen, N. (1979). “Memory and amnesia: resistance to disruption develops for years after learning.” Behav. Neur. Biol. 25: 118.

Squire, L.R. (1987) “Memory and Brain” Oxford Press.

Strauch, I. And Meier, B. (1996) “In Search of Dreams: Results of Experimental Dream Research”. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.

Zadra, A.L., Nielsen, T.A. (1997). “Typical dreams: a comparison of 1958 versus 1996 student samples.” Sleep Research 26: 280.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page