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Evolution of Symbolisation in Chimpanzees and Neural Nets

Cangelosi, Angelo (2000) Evolution of Symbolisation in Chimpanzees and Neural Nets. [Conference Paper]

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Abstract

from Introduction: Animal communication systems and human languages can be characterised by the type of cognitive abilities that are required. If we consider the main semiotic distinction between communication using icons, signals, or symbols (Peirce, 1955; Harnad, 1990; Deacon, 1997) we can identify different cognitive loads for each type of reference. The use and understanding of icons require instinctive behaviour (e.g. emotions) or simple perceptual processes (e.g. visual similarities between an icon and its meaning). Communication systems that use signals are characterised by referential associations between objects and visual or auditory signals. They require the cognitive ability to learn stimulus associations, such as in conditional learning. Symbols have double associations. Initially, symbolic systems require the establishment of associations between signals and objects. Secondly, other types of relationships are learned between the signals themselves. The use of rule for the logical combination of symbols is an example of symbolic relationship. Symbolisation is the ability to acquire and handle symbols and symbolic relationships.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:language evolution, chimpanzees, neural networks, syntax
Subjects:Biology > Animal Cognition
Psychology > Comparative Psychology
Computer Science > Neural Nets
Psychology > Evolutionary Psychology
Linguistics > Comparative Linguistics
Psychology > Psycholinguistics
ID Code:2023
Deposited By:Cangelosi, Professor Angelo
Deposited On:11 Jan 2002
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

References in Article

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