Modèles de dominance et théorie de l’évolution

Beaugrand, Jacques P. (1983) Modèles de dominance et théorie de l’évolution. [Book Chapter]

Full text available as:



Factors which contribute to the fact that an individual maintains a relationship of quality with its environment, and thus is well adjusted to it, are the same factors which favor its social dominance. In a context in which resources are limited or can become scarce, dominance orders get established because it is to the interest of individuals to compete, and because there exist individual differences in competitive ability due to various degrees of individual adaptation. Individuals which are less adapted learn to avoid futile confrontations with opponents which they assess as superior in adaptation to themselves in the light of acquired eco-socio-cognitive experiences. Social organization of a given species is a compromise between living alone and not being able to profit from the important advantages of living in a group, and living in group of which the major disadvantage is to have to compete with others. The biological value of social organization as a complex property emerging from sociosystems is that such an organization allows some individuals to reproduce more than others. The dominance structure plays a role similar to a filter which retains only the best adapted, a role identical to that of natural selection. Such a differential promotion of individuals which results from intrasexual rivalry furnishes the material to epigamic selection. Females, having interest to be more selective when it comes to choose their reproductive partner, develop preferences for certain types of males which maximize their chances of reproduction. This choice made by females is not necessarily the product of highly complex neurobiological activity but nonetheless it leads to the selection of dominant individuals, thus of those which are the best adapted within a given group.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Keywords:dominance, hierarchy formation, evolution
Subjects:Biology > Animal Behavior
Biology > Ethology
ID Code:1961
Deposited By:Beaugrand, Jacques
Deposited On:05 Dec 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Altmann, S.A. (1962) A field study of the sociobiology of rhesus monkeys, Macaca mulatta. Annalls N.Y. Acad. Sci. 102, 330-435.

Barash, D.P. (1977) Sociobiology and Behavior. New York : Elsevier.

Beaugrand, J.P., Caron, J., & Comeau, L. (1984) Social Organization of Small Heterosexual groups of Green Swordtails (Xiphophorus helleri, Pisces: Poeciliidae) under condition of captivity. Behaviour, 91, 24-60.

Beaugrand, J.P., & Zayan, R. (1985) An experimental model of aggressive dominance in Xiphophorus helleri (Pisces, Poeciliidae) Behavioural Processes, 10, 1-52.

Bernstein, I.S. (1981) Dominance: The Baby and the Bathwater. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4, 419-457.

Braddock, J.C. (1945) Some aspects of the dominance-subordination relationship in the fish Platypoecilus maculatus. Physiol. Zool., 18, 176-195

Bunge, M. (1979) Some Topical Problems in biophilosophy. J. Soc. & Biological Structures, 2, 155-172.

Calhoun, J.B. (1962) The ecology and sociology of the Norway rat. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service Document No. 1008, 288 pp.

Chance, M.R.A., & Jolly, C.J. (1970) Social Groups of Monkeys, Apes and Men, New York : E.P. Dutton, 224 pp.

Chase, I.D. (1974) Models of Hierarchy formation in animal Societies. Behavioral Sciences, 19, 374-382.

Chase, I.D. (1982a) Behavioural sequencies during dominance hierarchy formation in chickens. Science, 216, 439-440.

Chase, I.D. (1982b) Dynamics of hierarchy formation: the sequential development of dominance relationships. Behaviour, 80, 218-240.

Collias, N.E. (1953) Social Behavior in animals. Ecology, 34, 810-820.

Corneille, Pierre (1636) Le Cid, acte II, sc 2, vers 434.

Cox, C.R., & Leboeuf, B.J. (1977) Female incitation of Male Competition : A mechanism in Sexual Selection. American Naturalist, 111, 317-335.

Darwin, C. (1871) The Descent of Man and selection related to sex, vol. I, II, New York : Appleton.

Darwin, C. L’Origine des espèces au moyen de la sélection naturelle ou la lutte pour l’existence dans la nature. Paris : Alfred Coster Éd.

Davies, N.B. (1978) Territorial Defense in the Speckled Wood Butterfly (Pararge aegeria) : The resident always wins. Animal Behaviour, 26, 138-147.

Dubar, R.I.N., & Dunbar, E.P. (1977) Dominance and Reproductive Success among female Gelada Baboons. Nature (London), 266, 351-352.

Eaton, C.G. (1973) Social and Endocrine Determinants of Sexual Behavior in Simian and Prosimian Females. In : C.H. Phoenix (Éd.), Primate Reproductive Behavior. Symposia of the 4th International Primatological Congress, Basel, vol. 2, pp. 20-35.

Erickson, J.G. (1967) Social hierarchy, territoriality, and stress reactions in sunfish. Physiol. Zool. 40, 40-48.

Fisher, R.A. (1930) The General Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford : Clarendon.

Frame, L.H., Malcolm, J.R., Frame, G.W., & Van Lawick, H. (1979) Social organization of African wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) on the Serengeti Plains, Tanzania 1967-1978. Z. Tierpsychol., 50, 225-249.

Fretwell, S.D. (1969) Dominance behavior and winter habitat distribution in juncos (Junco hyemalis) Bird-Banding, 40, 1-25.

Frey, D.F., & Miller, R.J. (1972) The establishment of dominance relationships in the Blue Gourami, Trichogaster trichopterus (Pallas) Behaviour, 42, 8-62.

Gauthreaux, S. (1978) The ecological significance of behavioral dominance. In: P.P.G. Bateson et P.H. Klopfer, Eds, Perspectives in Ethology, vol. 3., New York: Plenum Press, pp. 17-54.

Geist, V. (1974) On the relationship of Social Evolution and Ecology in Ungulates. American Zoologist, 14, 205-220.

Guhl, A.M., Collias, N.E., & Allee, W.C. (1945) Mating behavior and the social hierarchy in small flocks of white leghorns. Physiol. Zool., 18, 365-390.

Guhl, A.M. (1968) Social inertia and social stability in chickens. Animal Behaviour, 16, 219-232.

Guhl A.M., & Ortman, L.L. (1953) Visual patterns in the recognition of individuals among chickens. Condor, 55, 287-298.

Huxley, J.S. (1938) Darwin’s Theory of Sexual Selection and the data Subsumed by it, in the light of Recent Research. Am. Naturalist, 72, 416-433.

Lack, D. (1954) The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers. Oxford University Press.

Landau, H.G. (1951a) On dominance relations and the structure of animal societies: I. Effect of inherent characteristics. Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 13, 1-19.

Landau, H.G. (1951b) On dominance relations and the structure of animal societies: II Some effects of possible social factors. Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 13, 245-262.

Landau, H.G. (1965) Development of Structure in a society with a dominance relation when new members are added successively. Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 27, 151-160.

LeBoeuf, B.J., & Peterson, R.S. (1969) Social status and mating activity in Elephant seals. Science, 163, 91-93.

Maynard Smith, J., & Parker, G.A. (1976) The logic of asymmetric contests. Animal Behaviour, 24, 159-175.

Maynard Smith, J., & Price, M.G. (1973) The logic of animal conflict. Nature (London), 246, 15-18.

Maynard Smith, J. (1976) Evolution and the Theory of Games. American Scientist, 64, 41-45.

McBride, G. 1968. The measurement of Aggressiveness in the Domestic Hen. Animal Behaviour, 6, 87-91.

Murchison, C. (1936) The Experimental Measurement of a Social Hierarchy in Gallus domesticus. VI. Preliminary Identification of Social law. J. Gen. Psychol., 13, 227-247.

Myers, J.H., & Krebs, C.J. (1971) Genetic, behavioral, and reproductive attributes of dispersing field voles Microtus pennsylvanicus and Microtus ochrogaster. Ecol. Monogr. 41, 53-78.

Parker, G.A. (1974) Assessment strategy and the Evolution of fighting behavior. J. Theor. Biol., 47, 223-243.

Rapoport, A. (1949a) Outline of a probabilistic approach to animal sociology: I. Bull. Math. Biophys., 11, 183-196.

Rapoport, A. (1949b) Outline of a probabilistic approach to animal sociology: II. Bull. Math. Biophys., 11, 273-281.

Rapoport, A. (1950) Outline of a probabilistic approach to animal Sociology: III. Bull. Math. Biophys., 12, 7-17.

Richards, S.M. (1974) The concept of dominance and methods of assessment. Anim. Behav., 22, 914-930.

Rood, J. (1980) Mating Relationships and Breeding Suppression in the Dwarf Mongoose. Anim. Behav., 98, 143-150.

Rowell, T.E. (1974) The Concept of Social Dominance. Behav. Biol., 11, 131-154.

Schjelderup-Ebbe, T. (1922) Soziale Verhaltnisse bei Vogeln. Z. Psychol., 90, 106-107.

Selander, R.R. (1972) Sexual Selection and Dimorphism in Birds. In : B. Campbell (Éd.), Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man 1871-1971, Chicago : Aldine, pp. 180-230.

Seyfarth, R.N. (1978) Social Relationships among Adult Male and Female Baboons. Behaviour, 64, 204-226.

Simon, H.A. (1962) The Architecture of Complexity. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 106, 467-482.

Syme, G.J. (1974) Competitive orders as measures of social dominance. Animal Behaviour, 22, 931-940.

Trivers, R.L. (1972) Parental Investment and Sexual Selection. In : B. Campbell (Éd.), Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man 1871-1971, Chicago : Aldine, pp. 136-179.

Wilson, E.O. (1975) Sociobiology: the New Synthesis. Cambridge (Mass.): The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Wittenberger, J.F. (1981) Animal Social Behavior. Boston: Duxbury Press.

Zayan, R. (1974) Le rôle de la reconnaissance individuelle dans la stabilité des relations hiérarchiques chez Xiphophorus (Pisces, Poeciliidae) Behaviour, 49, 268-312.

Zayan, R. (1975a) Modification des effets liés à la priorité de résidence chez Xiphophorus (Pisces, Poeciliidae): le rôle de l'expérience immédiate de dominance et de soumission. Rev. Comp. Anim., 8, 296-311.

Zayan, R. (1975b) Défense du territoire et reconnaissance individuelle chez Xiphophorus (Pisces, Poeciliidae) Behaviour, 52, 266-312.

Zayan, R. (1975c) Modifications des effets liés à la priorité de résidence chez Xiphophorus (Pisces, Poeciliidae): le rôle des manipulations expérimentales. Z. Tierpsychol., 39, p. 463-491.

Zayan, R. (1976) Modification des effets liés à la priorité de résidence chez Xiphophorus (Pisces, Poeciliidae): Le rôle de l'isolement et des différences de taille. Z. Tierpsychol., 41, 142-190.

Basolo, A L. (1991) Male swords and female preferences. Science, 253, 1426-1427.

Basolo, A.L. (1990) Female preference predates the evolution of the sword in swordtail fish. Science, 250, 808-810.

Basolo, A.L. (1990) Female preference for male sword length in the green swordtail. Animal Behaviour, 40, 332-338.

Beaugrand, J.P., & Goulet, C. (2000) Distinguishing kinds of prior dominance and subordination experiences in males of Green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri). Behavioural Processes, 50, 131-142.

Beaugrand, J.P., Goulet, C., & Payette, D. (1991) Outcome of dyadic conflict in male green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri): Effects of body size and prior dominance. Animal Behaviour, 41, 187-194.

Beaugrand, J.P., & Cotnoir, P.A. (1996). The role of observation and of individual differences in in the determination of rank order in triads of male green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri). Behavioural Processes, 38, 287- 296.

Beaugrand, J.P., Payette, D., & Goulet, C. (1996) Conflict outcome in male green swordtail fish dyads (Xiphophorus helleri): Interaction of body size, prior dominance/subordination experience and prior residency. Behaviour, 133, 303-319.

Beaugrand J.P., Hogue, M.E., & Laguë, P.C. (1997) Utilisation cohérente de l'information obtenue par des poules domestiques assistant à la victoire ou à la défaite de leur dominante contre une étrangère : s'agit-il d'inférence transitive ? In: Processus cognitifs et ajustement écologique. Société Française pour l'Étude du Comportement Animal. Presses de l'Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (F), pp. 131-137.

Hogue, M.E., Beaugrand, J.P., & Laguë, P.C. (1996) Coherent use of information by hens observing their former dominant defeating or being defeated by a stranger. Behavioural Processes,38, 241-252.


Repository Staff Only: item control page