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The role of hen's weight and recent experience on dyadic conflict outcome

Martin, François and Beaugrand, Jacques P. and Lague, Paul C. (1997) The role of hen's weight and recent experience on dyadic conflict outcome. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

This study simultaneously varied experiences of recent victory or defeat, 2-hour familiarity with the meeting place, and hen weight in order to understand their combined effects on the establishment of dyadic dominance relationships between hens not previously acquainted with each other. Three kinds of encounters were arranged: (i) a previous winner unfamiliar with the meeting place met a previous loser familiar with the meeting place (n =28 dyads); (ii) a previous winner met a previous loser, both unfamiliar with the meeting place (n=27); (iii) a previous winner familiar with the meeting place encountered a previous loser unfamiliar with the meeting place (n=28). The weight asymmetry was combined with these three types of encounters by selecting hens showing various weight differences, in favour of the recent loser in 54 dyads and of the recent winner in 29 dyads. Results indicate that recent victory or defeat experience significantly affected the outcome. Even an important weight asymmetry, or familiarity with the meeting place were not sufficient for a hen recently defeated to overcome an opponent that was previously victorious. A 2-hour period of familiarization with the meeting place did not provide any significant advantage over unfamiliarity. Although a significant relationship was found to exist between comb and wattles areas and the initial and final statuses, examination of partial correlations indicates that the influence was from initial status to final status, rather than from comb and wattles to final status. These results suggest that more importance should be attributed to recent social experience in comparison to intrinsic factors in determining dyadic dominance in the hen.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:Dominance; Agonistic conflict; Weight; Size of comb and wattles; Recent experience of victory and defeat; Site familiarity; Individual differences; Hen; Gallus domesticus
Subjects:Biology > Animal Behavior
Biology > Ethology
ID Code:1952
Deposited By:Beaugrand, Jacques
Deposited On:02 Dec 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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