Cogprints

Structural phenomenology: a top-down analytic methodology

Brown, Steven Ravett (2001) Structural phenomenology: a top-down analytic methodology. [Preprint]

Full text available as:

[img]HTML
88Kb

Abstract

Gurwitsch, following Husserl, described two structural parameters applicable to all phenomena: the intensity of our experiences, and their salience, i.e., their experienced relevance to other entities in consciousness. These dimensions subsume experiences within structures indicating the degree of attention consciously paid to phenomena, and their significance to other phenomena experienced simultaneously. For example, the recession to or from unconsciousness of mental contents may be described by the variation of their saliences and intensities. The focal organization implied by these dimensions gives rise to the "searchlight" configuration underlying many models. Consciousness can be structurally analyzed more deeply than this, however. Through incorporation of two other parameters: an internalization of intentionality which I term “microdirectionality,” and a description of the recursive microstructure of the phenomenal field (“layered recursion”), strata of interrelated structures may be employed to explicate experiences in great depth. I will introduce these structural parameters and describe how this more inclusive perspective enables some aspects of both static interrelationships and the dynamics of the creation and dissolution of a variety of sensory, conceptual and linguistic phenomena to be explicated. I will utilize the tip-of-tongue phenomenon as an illustrative example.

Item Type:Preprint
Keywords:phenomenology, Gurwitsch, consciousness, tip-of-tongue
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy > Epistemology
Philosophy > Philosophy of Mind
ID Code:1762
Deposited By:Brown, Dr. Steven Ravett
Deposited On:21 Aug 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, 410, 366 - 369.

Arvidson, P. S. (2000). Transformations in consciousness: continuity, the self and marginal consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 7(3), 3-26.

Baars, B. J. (1993). A cognitive theory of consciousness (3rd ed.). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Bernet, R., Kern, I., & Marbach, E. (1999). An introduction to Husserlian phenomenology. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.

Brown, S. R. (1999). Beyond the fringe: James, Gurwitsch, and the conscious horizon. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 20(2), 211-227.

Brown, S. R. (2000a). Reply to Bruce Mangan's commentary on "What Feeling Is the 'Feeling of Knowing?'". Consciousness and Cognition, 9(4), 545-549.

Brown, S. R. (2000b). Tip-of-the-tongue phenomena: an introductory phenomenological analysis. Consciousness and Cognition, 9(4), 516-537.

Fauconnier, G., & Sweetser, E. (1996). Spaces, worlds, and grammar (1st ed. Vol. 2). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Fauconnier, G., & Turner, M. (1996). The many-space model of conceptual projection.

Fodor, J. A. (2001). Language, thought, and compositionality. Mind & Language, 16(1), 1-15.

Fodor, J. A., & Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1988). Connectionism and cognitive architecture: a critical analysis. Cognition, 28, 3-72.

Galin, D. (1994). The structure of awareness; contemporary applications of William James's forgotten concept of "the fringe". Journal of Mind and Behavior, 15(4), 375-402.

Gurwitsch, A. (1964). The field of consciousness. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.

Gurwitsch, A. (1966). Studies in phenomenology and psychology (5th ed.). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.

Gurwitsch, A. (1985). Marginal consciousness. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

Husserl, E. (1990). On the phenomenology of the consciousness of internal time (Vol. IV). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Lakoff, G. (1990). Women, fire, and dangerous things (2nd ed.). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Mangan, B. (1991). Meaning and the structure of consciousness: an essay in psychoaesthetics. University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA.

Mangan, B. (1993). Taking phenomenology seriously: the "fringe" and its implications for cognitive research. Consciousness and Cognition, 2, 89-108.

Marcus, G. F. (2001). The algebraic mind: integrating connectionism and cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Petitot, J., Varela, F. J., Pachoud, B., & Roy, J.-M. (1999). Naturalizing phenomenology: issues in contemporary phenomenology and cognitive science. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page