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Conditional Reasoning: Scenario or context effects

Valiña, Mª Dolores and Seoane, Gloria and Ghering, Sonnya and Ferraces, Mª José and Fernández-Rey, Xosé (1992) Conditional Reasoning: Scenario or context effects. [Conference Paper] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This paper study the importance of contextual factors in reasoning with conditional inference tasks. In this experiment subjects were given conditional sentences in the context of narrative texts, Short stories about scenarios of the daily life were described in this texts. The experiment manipulated: a) context (causal or promises/threats), b) degree of factual relation between antecedent and consequent of conditional (deterministic, probabilistic or without relation), c) congruence between the factual consequence explicit in the story and the logic conclusion and d) conditional rules. The results were related to previous investigations about syllogistic inference (Valiña & de Vega, 1988; Valiña, 1988)and conditional reasoning (Seoane & Valiña, 1988) and were discussed within the framework of theoretical models about pragmatic reasoning.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:Reasoning, Deductive reasoning, Conditional reasoning, context effects, scenario of problem, situation models, text
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:1682
Deposited By:Valiña, Dra. Mª Dolores
Deposited On:17 Jul 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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