Cogprints

Semantico-Phonetic Form: A Unitarianist Grammar

Lotfi, Ahmad Reza (2000) Semantico-Phonetic Form: A Unitarianist Grammar. [Preprint]

Full text available as:

[img]ASCII
145Kb
[img]Other
262Kb

Abstract

Semantico-Phonetic Form: A Unitarianist Grammar Ahmad R. Lotfi Azad University at Esfahan (IRAN) ABSTRACT Semantico-Phonetic Form is a unitarianist theory of language in two different but inter-related senses: first, it assumes that the Conceptual-Intentional and Articulatory-Perceptual systems (responsible for semantic and phonetic interpretations respectively) access the data at one and the same level of inter- pretation; hence a single interface level--Semantico-Phonetic Form, SPF. Second, it is unitarianist in that (although it is still a formalist theory of language) it potentially permits the incorporation of both formalist and functionalist explana- tions in its formulation of the architecture of language. Within the framework of Semantico-Phonetic Form, and as an alternative proposal to Chomsky's minimalist thesis of movement, the Pooled Features Hypothesis pro- poses that "movement" is the consequence of the way in which the language faculty is organised (rather than a simple "imperfection" of language). The computational system CHL for human language is considered to be economical in its selection of formal features from the lexicon so that if two LIs (to be introduced in the same derivation) happen to have some identical formal feature in common, the feature is selected only once but shared by the syntactic objects in the derivation. It follows that the objects in question must be as local in their relations as possible. The local- ity of relations as such, which is due to economy considerations, results in some kind of (bare) phrase structure with pooled features labelling the structural tree nodes that dominate the syntactic objects. Pooled features, in a sense, are structurally interpreted. Other features, i.e. those not pooled, will be interpreted at SPF. KEY WORDS: bare phrase structure, economy, faculty of language, feature checking, feature sharing, formal features, imperfections, lexicon, logical forms, minimalist syntax, Semantico-Phonetic Form, strength, unitarianist theory

Item Type:Preprint
Keywords:semantico-phonetic form, LF, interface levels, minimalism, minimalist program, interpretation, generative linguistics
Subjects:Linguistics > Syntax
ID Code:1669
Deposited By:Lotfi, Ahmad
Deposited On:04 Jul 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

References

Aarons, D., B. Bahan, J. Kegl, and C. Neidle. (1992). Clausal Struc-

ture and a Tier for Grammatical Marking in ASL. Nordic Journal

of Linguistics 15:103-142.

Allott, R. (1994). Gestural Equivalence (Equivalents) of Language.

Berkeley, [http://www.percep.demon.co.uk/index.htm].

Barss, A. (1986). Chains and Anaphoric Dependence: On Reconstruction

and its Implications. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

Boskovic, Z. (1998). On the Interpretation of Multiple Questions.

Chomsky Celebration Website, [http://mitpress.mit.edu/\

celebration].

Brody, M. (1995). Lexico-Logical Form: A Radically Minimalist Theory.

Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Brody, M. (1997). Perfect Chains. In Elements of Grammar: Handbook of

Generative Syntax, ed. L. Haegeman. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Browne, W. (1970). More on Definiteness Markers: Interrogatives in

Persian. Linguistic Inquiry 1:359-363.

Browman, C. and L. Goldstein. (1989). Gestural Structures and Phonolo-

gical Patterns. Status Report on Speech Research SR-97/98 pp.

1-23. NewHaven, Conn.:Haskins Laboratories.

Browman, C. and L. Goldstein. (1991). Gestural Structures: Distinctive-

ness, Phonological Processes, and Historical Change. In Modu-

larity and the Motor Theory of Speech Perception eds.

Mattingly, I. M. and M. Studdert-Kennedy.

Browman, C. and L. Goldstein. (1992). Articulatory Phonology: An over-

view. Phonetica 49:155-180.

Bybee, J. (1985). Morphology: A Study of the Relation Between Meaning

and Form. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Calvin, W. and D. Bickerton. (2000). Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling

Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain. Cambridge, MA:

MIT Press.

Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht:

Foris.

Chomsky, N. (1995). The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chomsky, N. (1998). Minimalist Inquiries: The Framework. MIT Occasional

Papers in Linguistics 15, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chomsky, N. (1999). Derivation by Phase. MIT Occasional Papers in Lin-

guistics 18, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Collins, A. M.& M. R. Quillian (1969). Retrieval Time from Semantic

Memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 8.

240-247.

Conrad, C. (1972). Cognitive Economy in Semantic Memory. Journal of

Experimental Psychology 92 . 149-154.

Estes, W. K. (1986). Array Models for Category Learning. Cognitive

Psychology 18. 500-549.

Fox, D. and U. Sauerland. (1997). Illusive Scope of Universal

Quantifiers, [http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/s\

/a/sauerlan/www/Scope_Illusions.html].

Givon, T. (1979). On Understanding Grammar. New York: Academic Press.

Givon, T. (1984). Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction.

Amesterdam: Benjamins.

Givon, T. (1995). Functionalism and Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Gluck, M. A. (1991). Stimulus Generalization and Representation in

Adaptive Network Models of Category Learning. Psychological

Science 2. 50-55.

Gould, S.J. (1991). Exaptation: A Crucial Tool for Evolutionary Psycho-

logy. Journal of Social Issues 47, 43-65.

Grohmann, K. (1999). German is a Multiple Wh-Fronting Language!

Colloque de syntaxe et semantique a Paris 3.

Haegeman, L. (1991). Introduction to Government and Binding Theory.

Basil Blackwell.

Hagstrom, P. (1998). Decomposing Questions. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

Haiman, J. (1985). Natural Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University

Press.

Hale, K. (1998). Conflicting Truths. In Functionalism and Formalism in

Linguistics, eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F. Newmeyer, M.

Noonan, and K. Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970). Language Structure and Language Function.

In New Horizons in Linguistics, ed. J. Lyons. Baltimore:

Penguin Books.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1973). Explorations in the Functions of Language.

London: Edward Arnolds.

Hawkins, J. A. (1989). Competence and Performance in the Explanation of

Language Universals. In Essays on Grammatical Theory and

Universal Grammar, eds. D. Arnold, M. Atkinson, J. Durand,

C. Grover, and L. Sadler. Oxford University Press.

Hawkins, J. A. (1994). A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jesperson, O. (1993). Progress in Language with Special Reference to

English. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Kaiser, L. (1998). Representing the Structure-Discourse Iconicity of

the Japanese Post-Verbal Construction. In Functionalism and

Formalism in Linguistics, eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F.

Newmeyer, M. Noonan, and K. Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Karimi, S. (1989). Aspects of Persian Syntax, Specificity, and the

Theory of Grammar. Doctoral dissertation, University of

Washington.

Karimi, S. (1990). Obliqueness, Specificity, and Discourse Functions:

Ra in Persian. Linguistic Analysis 20:139-191.

Kendon, A. (1972). Some Relationships between Body Motion and Speech: An

Analysis of one example. In Siegman, Aron Wolfe and Benjamin

Pope eds. Studies in Dyadic Communication. New York: Pergamon.

Kendon, A. (1991). Revisiting the Gesture Theory of Language Origins.

Paper for LOS Meeting, De Kalb, Illinois.

Komatsu, L. K. (1994). Experimenting with the Mind: Readings in

Cognitive Psychology. California: Brooks/Cole Publishing

Company.

Kruschke, J. K. (1992). ALCOVE: An Exemplar-Based Connectionist Model

of Category Learning. Psychological Review 99. 22-44.

Kuno, S. (1973). The Structure of the Japanese Language. Cambridge, MA:

MIT Press.

Kuno, S. (1978). Japanese: A Characteristic OV Language. In Syntactic

Typology, ed. W. Lehmann. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Liberman, A. M. (1993). Haskins Laboratories Status Report on Speech

Research 113:1-32.

Lindblom, B., S. Guion, S. Hura, S. Moon, and R. Willerman. (1995).

Is Sound Change Adaptive? Revista di Linguistica 7:5-37.

Lotfi, A. R. (to appear). Minimalist Program Revisited: Chomsky's

Strength to Trigger Movement. Proceedings of the 34th Col-

loquium of Linguistics.

May, R. (1985). Logical Form: Its Structure and Derivation. Cambridge,

MA: MIT Press.

May, R. (1991). Syntax, Semantics, and Logical Form. In The Chomskyan

Turn, ed. A. Kasher. Oxford: Blackwell.

McClelland, J. L. & D. E. Rumelhart (1985). Distributed Memory and

the Representation of General and Specific Information. Journal

of Experimental Psychology 114. 159-188.

McNeill, D. (1992). Hand and Mind: What Gestures Reveal about Thought.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Meinunger, A. (1998). Topicality and Agreement. In Functionalism and

Formalism in Linguistics, eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F.

Newmeyer, M. Noonan, and K. Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Nettle, D. (1998). Functionalism and Its Difficulties in Biology and

Linguistics. In Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistics,

eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F. Newmeyer, M. Noonan, and K.

Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Newmeyer, F. (1998a). Language Form and Language Function. Cambridge,

MA: MIT Press.

Newmeyer, F. (1998b). Some Remarks on the Functionalist-Formalist

Controversy in Linguistics. In Functionalism and Formalism in

Linguistics, eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F. Newmeyer, M.

Noonan, and K. Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Pesetsky, D. (1989). Language-Particular Processes and the Earliness

Principle. Ms. MIT.

Place, U. T. (2000). The role of the hand in the evolution of language.

Psycoloquy 11(007), [http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/cgi/psyc/n\

ewpsy?11.007].

Rips, L. J., E. J. Shoben, & E. E. Smith (1973). Semantic Distance and

the Verification of Semantic Relations. Journal of Verbal

Learning and Verbal Behavior 12. 1-20.

Roberts, I. and A. Roussou. ms. Interface Interpretation. University of

Stuttgart.

Schyns, P. G. (1991). A Modular Neural Network Model of Concept

Acquisition. Cognitive Science 15 . 461-508.

Shanks, D. R. (1991). Categorization by a Connectionist Network. Journal

of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 17.

433-443.

Uriagereka, J. (1998). Rhyme and Reason: An Introduction to Minimalist

Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Vallduvi, E. (1992). The Informational Component. New York: Garland.

Wilbur, R. (1998). A Functional Journey with a Formal Ending: What do

Brow Raises Do in American Sign Language? In Functionalism and

Formalism in Linguistics, eds. M. Darnell, E. Moravcsik, F.

Newmeyer, M. Noonan, and K. Wheatley. Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Zubizarreta, M.L. (1998). Prosody, Focus, and Word Order. Cambridge, MA:

MIT Press.

Metadata

Repository Staff Only: item control page