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The role of content and context in pragmatic reasoning

Valiña, Mª Dolores and Seoane, Gloria and Martín, Montserrat and Fernández-Rey, José and Ferraces, Mª José (1992) The role of content and context in pragmatic reasoning. [Conference Paper] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study pragmatic reasoning in conditional inference tasks, Two experiments were performed, in which the subjects ought to choose among alternative responses, rating their confidence in their choice. The linguistic form of sentences ("if...then" or "whenever...") and the negativity of antecedent vs consequent was manipulated in the first experiment, with formal content. Thwe second experiment with thematic content, manipulated the context or scenario of problem (causal, temporal or promises/threats) and the probability of factual relation between antecedent and consequent of conditional (deterministics, probabilistics and without relation). The results were discussed within the framework of the theoretical approaches for human reasoning based upon mental scenarios.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:Deductive reasoning, Conditional reasoning, Pragmatic reasoning, content effect, context effect, scenario of problem
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:1612
Deposited By:Valiña, Dra. Mª Dolores
Deposited On:05 Jul 2001
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54

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