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Direct evidence for local oscillatory current sources and intracortical phase gradients in turtle visual cortex

Prechtl, James C. and Bullock, T.H. and Kleinfeld, David. (2000) Direct evidence for local oscillatory current sources and intracortical phase gradients in turtle visual cortex. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

Visual stimuli induce oscillations in the membrane potential of neurons in cortices of several species. In turtle, these oscillations take the form of linear and circular traveling waves. Such waves may be a consequence of a pacemaker that emits periodic pulses of excitation that propagate across a network of excitable neuro-nal tissue or may result from continuous and possibly reconfigu-rable phase shifts along a network with multiple weakly coupled neuronal oscillators. As a means to resolve the origin of wave propagation in turtle visual cortex, we performed simultaneous measurements of the local field potential at a series of depths throughout this cortex. Measurements along a single radial pen-etration revealed the presence of broadband current sources, with a center frequency near 20 Hz ( g band), that were activated by visual stimulation. The spectral coherence between sources at two well-separated loci along a rostral– caudal axis revealed the pres-ence of systematic timing differences between localized cortical oscillators. These multiple oscillating current sources and their timing differences in a tangential plane are interpreted as the neuronal activity that underlies the wave motion revealed in previous imaging studies. The present data provide direct evidence for the inference from imaging of bidirectional wave motion that the stimulus-induced electrical waves in turtle visual cortex corre-spond to phase shifts in a network of coupled neuronal oscillators.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Subjects:Neuroscience > Behavioral Neuroscience
Biology > Behavioral Biology
Neuroscience > Neurophysiology
Neuroscience > Neurophysiology
ID Code:138
Deposited By:Bullock, Theodore Holmes
Deposited On:04 Feb 2000
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:53

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